Melianthus Major is also known by the names Giant honey flower or Kruidjie-roer-my-nie. It is a species of flowering plant belonging to the family Melianthaceae.
Overview of Melianthus major or Honey Flower
• It is an evergreen suckering shrub.
• It is endemic to:
– South Africa
– New Zealand
• It grows to 2–3 m tall by 1–3 m wide.
• It bears pinnate blue-green leaves.
• These leaves are 30–50 cm long.
• It has a distinctive odor.
• The flower spikes are dark red in color.
• It is suitable for:
– light, medium and heavy soils
– well-drained soil
– grows in nutritionally poor soil
– PH: acid, neutral and basic soils.
– semi-shade or no shade.
– moist soil
– tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
Medicinal Uses of Melianthus major or Honey Flower
• The root is poisonous and emetic.
• It acts as a remedy against snake bites.
• A violet dye is extracted from the flower.
• Woodland Garden
• Sunny Edge
• Dappled Shade
• Cultivated Beds
Scientific Classification of Melianthus major or Honey Flower
• Kingdom : Plantae
• (unranked) : Angiosperms
• (unranked) : Eudicots
• (unranked) : Rosids
• Order : Geraniales
• Family : Melianthaceae
• Genus : Melianthus
• Species : M. major
• Binomial name : Melianthus major
• It needs a well-drained moisture retentive soil in complete sun or light shade.
• It likes an abundant loamy soil.
• Fertile soils provide high-quality foliage results however the plant blossoms much better on a poor soil.
• It is an extremely attractive plant and hardy in the milder regions of Britain, flowering readily in Cornwall.
• In cooler areas of the country it may be grown as a herbaceous perennial, perishing down in winter season however regrowing from the bottom in the spring.
• In these locations the rootstock has to be well mulched.
• The leading growth is well hardy for brief periods to -10°c, while the root stock is often hardy to -15°c when it is well mulched.
• The blossoms possess a honey-like scent.
• The bruised leaves have a solid aroma considerably like peanut butter.
• Plants can be utilized in sub-tropical bedding schemes.
• Members of the genus are seldom troubled by browsing deer.
• Seed – sow spring in a cozy greenhouse.
• Prick away the seedlings into separate pots while they are big enough to handle.
• Cultivate on the seedlings for a minimum of first winter in a greenhouse and place out in late spring or early summer after the final expected frosts.
• Cuttings of greenwood stem tips in a frame in summer time.
• They are suckers during springtime.
• They could be grown out instantly or potted up and also kept in a frame for their very first winter.