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October 2013
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Details about Flax Plant

Images of Flax at

• Flax is a plant which has played a significant part in the cultural and economic background of New Zealand for both the Maori people along with the later European settlers.
• The 2 local species and their cultivars are likewise employed as garden plants.

Traditional Maori Uses
• Bark cloth for clothing
• Plaiting
• Weaving
• Flax fibers are made into baskets
• Eel traps
• Large fishing nets and lines
• Bird snares
• Cordage for ropes
• Bags
• Mats
• Clothing
• Sandals
• Buckets
• Food baskets
• Cooking utensils
• Rigging
• Sails
• Lengthy anchor warps
• Roofs for housing

Medical Uses
• general sweetener
• poultice for boils
• tumors
• abscesses
• varicose ulcers
• disinfectant
• relieve constipation
• expel worms
• aching teeth
• rheumatic
• associated pains
• ringworm
• various skin irritations
• scalds
• burns

Growing/Caring conditions

• Growing New Zealand flax in your own garden can be done in one of two methods.
• You can purchase the plant itself, or the seeds can be bought at a nursery.
• Whilst seeds are much simpler to transport, they are going to only commence to sprout in conditions warmer than 60 degrees Fahrenheit.
• Hence, climate is a key factor to bear in mind when bringing home New Zealand flax seeds.
• Both plant and the seeds ought to be planted in rich, moist soil.
• New Zealand flax demands a large amount of sunlight, so sunny or semi-shaded regions are effective.
• Location is usually a key factor in taking care of New Zealand flax.
• The plant develops best in dry, warm environments.

Areas which seldom experience frost are perfect such as:
– California
– Arizona
– Texas
• In these places, the plant will continue living year long as an evergreen plant.
• In cooler climates, the leaves will die off through the winter; however a shielding layer of mulch will make sure the roots’ survival throughout the winter as well as a regrowth throughout the spring.
• But if temperatures fall below zero degrees in the course of the winter, the plant roots will never survive.
• It is very important that young plants are nicely watered, and guarded from physical damage like browsing deer and high winds.
• As soon as the plant is instituted, it will require a great deal of lesser maintenance.
• Completely grown New Zealand flax will go for weeks without water, and is protected from deer.
• Insects and snails take pleasure in munching on the dense leaves however, in case they are seen on the plant, a chemical spurt should be employed immediately.
• When it comes to appearance, New Zealand flax could be established in a garden or pot.
• For all those gardeners seeking to enjoy the plant’s summer month’s blossoms, open gardens are usually more conducive to flowering in contrast to a container.
• Perishing or wilting leaves and flowers ought to be pruned at the base to foster new growth.
• When it is planted in a location that encounters frost during the winter, it’s crucial that you spread a coating of mulch to guard the roots.
• Overall, New Zealand flax is the best plant for gardens and residences in warm and dry conditions.
• A hardy plant, it will not require more effort and time as other plants may demand.
• A little more attention is necessary if planting New Zealand flax in cooler climates.
• If temperature demands are met, it makes an excellent addition to any garden.

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