Fennel or Foeniculum vulgare is a plant species in the genus Foeniculum belonging to the family Apiaceae. It is a hardy, perennial, umbelliferous herb. It has yellow flowers and feathery leaves. It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean. It is a highly aromatic and flavorful herb. Some of the larvae of certain Lepidoptera species used this fennel plant as its food. These include the mouse moth and the anise swallowtail. Fennel grows up to a height of 2.5 m. The leaves grow up to 40 cm long. It is erect and glaucous green. It has hollow stems. The leaves grow up to 40 cm long. They are finely dissected. The flowers are produced in terminal compound umbels. These umbels are 5–15 cm wide. Each umbel section has 20–50 tiny yellow flowers borne on short pedicels. The fruit is a dry seed. The seed is from 4–10 mm long.
Uses of Fennel
• This has plenty of culinary uses. It is used for enhancing the flavor in many dishes.
• Treat flatulence
• expulsion of intestinal gas
• improve eyesight
• clear cloudy eyes
• treatment of glaucoma.
Blood and urine: Treat Hypertension
Breast milk: improving the milk supply of a breastfeeding mother
• chronic coughs
• disliked by fleas
• Purchase fennel seeds from any nursery or home and garden center.
• Arrange for an area with full sun exposure in your garden.
• The soil should have good draining capacity.
• Plant them after your zone’s last frost.
• Rich deep soil produces tender foliage.
• Add a general-purpose fertilizer or mulch.
• This is to enrich the soil.
• Sow seeds spacing 12 inches apart.
• Cover with quarter inch of soil.
• For row planting, space the rows about 3 feet apart.
• Water soil with a light spray nozzle
• The shoot comes out usually between 1 and 2 weeks.
• Water once or twice weekly as per the requirement
• Stake the fennel plants in windy locations.
• Stake them when they are about 18 inches tall.
• Mulch 4 inches over the plant
• This enables winter protection.
• Mulch with evergreen boughs, tree leaves or straw
• Watch for aphids.
• Leave seeds on the seed head for self-propagation.
• Thin the seedlings in early spring.