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September 2013
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Collard greens are part of the Acephala Group

Images of Collard greens at

Collard greens are the American English term for several loose-leafed Brassica oleracea cultivators.

Overview of Collard Greens

• They are part of the Acephala Group.
• The plants are cultivated for their dark-colored and large edible leaves.
• It is an ornamental plant for the garden.
• The plant is a biennial.
• The plant is tastier and very nutritious in the cold months.

It is grown as ornamental plant in:
• Brazil
• Portugal
• Southern United States
• Parts of Africa
• Montenegro
• Bosnia
• Herzegovina
• Southern Croatia
• Northern Spain
• India

Nutritional components of Collard greens

• Carbohydrates
• Sugars
• Dietary fiber
• Fat
• Protein
• Vitamin A equiv.
– beta-carotene
– lutein and zeaxanthin
• Thiamine (vit. B1)
• Riboflavin (vit. B2)
• Niacin (vit. B3)
• Pantothenic acid (B5)
• Vitamin B6
• Folate (vit. B9)
• Vitamin C
• Vitamin E
• Vitamin K
• Calcium
• Iron
• Magnesium
• Manganese
• Phosphorus
• Potassium
• Sodium
• Zinc

The plant is scientifically classified as below:
• Kingdom : Plantae
• Class : Eudicots
• (unranked) : Rosids
• Order : Brassicales
• Family : Brassicaceae
• Genus : Brassica
• Species : B. oleracea

Growing/Caring conditions

• Growing these plants in a home garden enables you to provide fresh veggies throughout the growing season.
• These plants thrive best in full sunlight.
• They have long growing seasons that start in early spring.
• Start planting as soon as the final frost of the year has passed.
• Till the soil in an area of your garden that receives at least six hours of full sunlight daily.
• Till to a depth of 10 inches.
• The temperatures favorable for the plant is 18 and 23 °C.
• They can withstand one or two unexpected freezes.
• Mix in a 2- to 3-inch layer of compost or peat moss as you till to increase fertility and drainage in the soil.
• It prevents rot and fungal growth from standing water.
• Sow the seeds 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep in the soil.
• Space 18 inches apart in rows at least 32 inches apart.
• These seeds germinate within 10 days.
• Keep the soil around the plants thoroughly moist.
• Water the vegetables any time the top 2 inches of soil feel dry to the touch.
• Feed the plants a balanced vegetable fertilizer that contains boron, calcium and magnesium about two weeks after germination.
• This extra boost of nutrition helps the plants fruit.
• Inspect your plants every day.
• If you find worms or other insects on your vegetables, simply pick them off with tweezers.
• These pests only harm vegetables if allowed to stay on there for too long.
• Harvest them when the vegetables are firm to the touch.
• These plants tend to attract worms and moths.
• Consider using row covers during the first few weeks after planting to prevent these insects from invading.

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