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September 2013
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Broccoli belongs to the cabbage family

Images of Broccoli at

Broccoli is an edible eco-friendly plant belonging to the cabbage family.

Overview of Broccoli

• Its big floral head is commonly used as a vegetable.
• The term broccoli, from the Italian language plural of broccolo, describes “the flowering top of a cabbage”.
• Broccoli is generally boiled or perhaps steamed however can be eaten raw and also is becoming widely used as an uncooked vegetable.
• The leaves can also be eaten.
Broccoli is high in:
– vitamin C
– dietary fiber;
– multiple nutrients with potent anti-cancer properties
The nutrients are:
– diindolylmethane
– selenium
– vitamin C
It has the following properties:
– anti-viral
– anti-bacterial
– anti-cancer
• It is a tall biennial plant.
• The leaves are fleshier and thicker.
• It is rich in essential nutrients including vitamin C.
• It is a well-established garden vegetable.

Growing/Caring conditions of Brassica

• Grow these plants in a home garden.
• This will help you to have fresh veggies all through the growing season.
• These plants thrive well in full sun.
• The growing season begins in early spring.
• Start planting immediately after the last frost of the year has passed.
• Till the soil in the planting spot of the garden.
• This spot should be receiving a minimum of 6 hours of full sun every day.
• Till to a depth of 10 inches.
• The temperatures favorable for the plant are 18 to 23 °C.
• Brassicas can tolerate 1 or 2 unexpected freezes.
• Mix compost or peat moss in two to three inch layer.
• This is to enhance fertility as well as the soil drainage.
• This helps the heavy feeding plants.
• It stops rot and fungal growth due to the standing water.
• The Brassica seeds must be sown to about 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep in the soil.
• Space them about 18 inches apart in rows of about 32 inches apart.
• Brassica seeds germinate in ten days.
• The soil around these Brassica plants ought to be thoroughly moist.
• Water the vegetables any time.
• The first two inches of soil should be dry to touch.
• Feed the plants with a balanced vegetable fertilizer.
• This fertilizer should have boron, calcium and magnesium.
• Add them in 2 weeks after germination.
• This nutrition is helpful for the plants fruit.
• Look for your plants daily.
• Remove the worms or other insects with tweezers.
• These pests harm vegetables if they are for a long time on the vegetables.
• Harvest the Brassicas which are firm to touch.
• Brassicas usually attract worms and moths.
• Use row covers in the initial few weeks after planting.
• This will stop insect invasion.

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