Asparagus is also known as Asparagus officinalis and belongs to the family of Asparagaceae.
Overview of Asparagus
• It is an herbaceous flowering perennial plant.
• It can grow up to a height of 100–150 cms.
• This plant is used as a spring vegetable.
It is a native to:
– Most of Europe
– Northern Africa
– Western Asia
• The stems are stout.
• The foliage is branched and feathery.
• The leaves appear needle like.
• The leaves are 6–32 mm in length and 1 mm in breadth.
• They form clusters of 4-15.
• The flowers are greenish white to yellow in color.
• They are bell shaped.
• The flowers are about 4.5–6.5 mm long.
• They have 6 petals which are partially fused together at the base.
• They are used in culinary.
• Its young shoots are the most eaten parts.
• The flavor is strong.
This is rich in:
– Vitamin B6
– Dietary fiber
– Vitamin A
– Vitamin C
– Vitamin E
– Vitamin K
– Folic acid
• It boosts insulin into bloodstream.
• Asparagus gets its name due to the presence of the amino acid named asparagines.
• This plant is stir-fried with chicken, shrimp, or beef, and wrapped in bacon along with its use in stews and soups.
• This plant is known to be a “cleansing and healing” plant and is high in antioxidants.
The chemical constituents of Asparagus are:
• dimethyl sulfide
• dimethyl disulfide
• dimethyl sulfoxide
• dimethyl sulfone
Growing/Caring conditions of Asparagus
• This plant can be planted with other plants as it can coexist.
• Asparagus needs full sun as it grows well.
• The soil should have a pH of 6.5 to 7.0.
• The soil should be mixed with plenty of organic matter which is rich in potassium and phosphorus.
• Plant the asparagus crown in early spring in cooler regions.
• The temperature should be about 50 degrees F.
• Plant in late winter in warmer regions.
• Dig a hole that is about 7 inches deep.
• Add the mixture of a handful of wood ashes, a handful of bone meal, and an inch layer of compost or well-rotted manure.
• The crowns should be first soaked in compost tea for 10 minutes.
• Lay them 12 to 16 inches apart, in rows 4 feet apart.
• Do not cover the emerging foliage.
• Cover with mulch of chopped leaves or straw.
• Add a balanced organic fertilizer in late summer.
• Add the organic mulch in the fall.
• Water the plants to about one to two inches of water.
• Let the spear fern out to grow stronger.
• After good growth spear every six to eight weeks.