• Cortaderia is a genus of grasses.
• This genus belongs to the family Poaceae.
• This genus involves members that are native to:
– South America which has 15-20 species
– New Guinea which has one species
• The name of the genus comes from the Argentine Spanish word cortadera.
• This name comes due to its sharp leaf serrations.
• Cortaderia jubata and C. rudiuscula has copious seed which is produced asexually.
• Cortaderia araucana Stapf
• Cortaderia bifida Pilg.
• Cortaderia jubata
• Cortaderia pilosa
• Cortaderia rudiuscula Stapf
• Cortaderia selloana
Formerly placed here:
– Chionochloa conspicua subsp. conspicua
– Austroderia fulvida
– Austroderia richardii
– Austroderia splendens
– Austroderia toetoe
– Austroderia turbaria
• The varieties of Cortaderia are prominent tall grasses.
• They develop up to a height of 1 .5–3 m.
• It has elegant white inflorescence plumes.
• These are in prevalent use as ornamental plants in horticultural use.
• The popular name pampas grass, although purely referring to C. Selloana, is often related to all varieties in the genus.
• This is sometimes in addition to species of Erianthus and Saccharum ravennae.
• Certain species, notably C. selloana, C. jubata and C. rudiuscula, are becoming invasive varieties in numerous areas.
They are like:
– New Zealand
– Regions with a Mediterranean climate
Scientific Classification of Cortaderia
• Kingdom : Plantae
• (unranked) : Angiosperms
• (unranked) : Monocots
• (unranked) : Commelinids
• Order : Poales
• Family : Poaceae
• Subfamily : Danthonioideae
• Tribe : Danthonieae
• Genus : Cortaderia
• The natural ecosystem of Cortaderia selloana is the Southern American plains, called the pampas, in which it’s the premier wild grass.
• It is actually remarkably tough and also flexible but likes an open, sun-filled spot with sound air circulation and relatively fertile, well-drained soil (it will not like it very wet).
• Add grit as well as lightweight garden compost to heavy soil, and also a lot of well-rotted organic matter to fine dry soil.
• A significant advantage is that C. selloana can be quite drought-tolerant and shouldn’t require watering except for at planting.
• The sole maintenance task is decreasing the flowering stems and also old foliage in springtime.
• Traditionally, gardeners put fire to the plant – simulating just what could happen normally on the pampas – however this is not advisable, not slightest since you’re sure to kill all kinds of over-wintering wildlife.
• As an alternative, use loppers and secateurs.
The way to propagate
• Utilizing a sharpened spade split a segment of the plant from the parent in springtime or autumn, and then pot on or grows straight into prepared garden soil.