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Prumnopitys Taxifolia, also known as Matai or Jeffrey’s pine

Images of Prumnopitys Taxifolia or Mataiat

Prumnopitys Taxifolia alias Matai or Jeffrey’s pine is surely an endemic New Zealand coniferous tree.

Overview of Prumnopitys Taxifolia or Matai

• It grows within the North Island and South Island.
• It occurs on Stewart Island or Rakiura but is uncommon there.
• It grows up to 40 m high.
• It possesses a trunk approximately 2 m in diameter.
• The leaves are linear to sickle-shaped.
• They are 10–15 mm long and 1.5–2 mm broad.
• The seed cones are highly modified.
• It is reduced to central stem which is 3–4 cm long.
• It bears 1-6 scales.
• Each scale matures with a berry-like seed.
• It’s 10–15 mm long.
• It can be violet-purple in color.
• It possesses a soft edible pulp in the single seed.
• The seeds are dispersed with the Kerer?, a New Zealand Pigeon.
• It eats the ‘berries’ and passes the seeds in its droppings.
• The scientific name taxifolia derives in resemblance with the leaves to prospects with the yew.
• A juvenile Matai is usually a tangle of divaricating branchlets.
• It has occasional brown, straw or dirty white leaves.
• Matai features a distinctive and long-lasting juvenile stage.
• The adult leaves on the Matai are dark green and somewhat glaucous above.
• They’re glaucous below and linear to sickle-shaped.
• The timber in this tree was utilized extensively in New Zealand for flooring throughout the mid-twentieth century.
• The matai tree grows in three places on the planet.
• All of these locations will be in the continent of recent Zealand.
• The matai is bound to growth at elevations of lower than 2,200 feet.
• The matai tree has a trunk which is bluish-gray in the upper main trunk and dark purple to brown for the lower part that reaches close to the ground.
• The outer bark has dark colors.
• This tree frequently sheds large flakes of the outer bark and thus a bright red inner bark is revealed.
• The heartwood on the matai is yellow to gold in color for the outer portions and deep red inside.
• The sapwood is almost white.
• The tree can grow well over 80 ft . tall and develops a large, rounded crown sustained by stiff branches.
• The leaves are dark green that has a silvery underside.
• The tree produces small cones along with a fruit that’s dark purple through an edible pulp.
• The matai tree was one of New Zealand’s favorite lumber sources for flooring.
• It is still accustomed to construct wooden floors.
• The matai provides sap employed in an alcohol concoction much like beer.
• The fruit is also eaten raw and it has an extremely sweet flavor.
• The tree may be pruned in to a hedge while very young and is also often useful for residential hedgerows.

Scientific Classification for Prumnopitys Taxifolia or Matai

• Kingdom : Plantae
• Division : Pinophyta
• Class : Pinopsida
• Order : Pinales
• Family : Prumnopityaceae
• Genus : Prumnopitys
• Species : P. taxifolia
• Binomial name : Prumnopitys taxifolia

Growing/Caring conditions

• Thrives in almost any good soil, including chalky soil.
• Takes a sheltered position.
• This species isn’t cold hardy in Great Britain.
• It succeeds outdoors from the mildest parts of the United States.
• It is really an important commercial timber tree in New Zealand.
• It is dioecious.
• Male and female plants should be grown if seed and fruit are essential.
• Seed can be sown in any season in a sandy soil.
• It can be sown in a greenhouse.
• It can take 18 months to germinate.
• If they are large enough to manage, prick the seedlings out into individual pots.
• Grow them inside the greenhouse for their first winter.
• Plant them out within their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, following last expected frosts.
• Cuttings of half-ripe wood may be grown in July or august inside a frame.

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