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The genus Agathis is often called Kauri or Dammar

Images of Kauri at

The genus Agathis is often called Kauri or Dammar. It is a small genus of 21 varieties of evergreen tree.

Overview of Kauri

• The genus is part in the ancient Araucariaceae group of conifers.
• It is a group once widespread in the Jurassic period.
• It is largely on the Southern Hemisphere except for several extant Malesian Agathis.
• Large trunks are characteristic feature of kauri trees that are mature.
• It forms a bowl with minimum branching below the crown.
• Young trees are usually conical healthy.
• It forms irregularly shaped crown till maturity.
• The bark is smooth and light-weight grey to grey-brown.
• The bark is usually peeling into irregular flakes.
• These become thicker on elderly trees.
• The branch structure is normally horizontal or, when larger, ascending.
• The best branches often leave circular branch scars whenever they detach from the lower trunk.
• The juvenile leaves altogether species are bigger than the adult, about acute, varying on the list of species from ovate to lanceolate.
• Adult leaves are opposite and elliptical to linear.
• They are very leathery and quite thick.
• Young leaves are often a coppery-red.
• The pollen cones appear usually only on larger trees.
• They appear after seed cones have appeared.
• The feminine seed cones usually develop on short lateral branchlets, maturing after couple of years.
• There’re normally oval or globe shaped.
• Seeds of some species are attacked with the caterpillars of Agathiphaga.

Uses of Kauri

• Various types of kauri give diverse resins like kauri resin, Manilla copal and Dammar gum.
• The timber is often straight-grained in addition to high-quality by having an exceptional strength-to-weight ratio and rot resistance.
• This quality makes it perfect for yacht hull construction.
• The wood is normally utilized in the output of low cost guitars automobile good resonating properties.

Other uses include:
• Shipbuilding
• House construction
• Wood paneling
• Furniture making
• Mine braces
• Ailway sleepers

Species of Agathis

• Agathis atropurpurea
• Agathis australis
• Agathis borneensis
• Agathis corbassonii
• Agathis dammara
• Agathis endertii
• Agathis flavescens
• Agathis kinabaluensis
• Agathis labillardieri
• Agathis lanceolata
• Agathis lenticula
• Agathis macrophylla
• Agathis microstachya
• Agathis montana
• Agathis moorei

Scientific classification for Kauri

• Kingdom : Plantae
• Division : Pinophyta
• Class : Pinopsida
• Order : Pinales
• Family : Araucariaceae
• Genus : Agathis

Growing/Caring conditions

• Some of the reasons Kauri seeds do not grow under the plant are water, light and rich soil
• Canopies block the sunshine.
• Leaf litter acidifies the soil and uses a while to decompose, blocking moisture.
• Germination can happen within a week.
• Seedlings develop.
• Young kauri has a narrow pyramid shape.
• Mature kauri develops massive column-like trunks.
• It has spreading crowns that are supported by whorls of large branches.
• They should be sown in a deep seed tray directly.
• They can be stored for a lot of months.
• They can do this by storing inside a moist plastic bag in the fridge.
• They’re quick to germinate.
• They want about 8 weeks for germination.
• This tree has a long tap root.
• Care should be taken while transplanting the seedling.
• It must be seen who’s not to ever break this root.
• The container needs to be deep enough to allow for the tap root.

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