Festuca belongs to the grass family Poaceae.
Overview of Festuca
• It is a genus of about 300 species of flowering plants.
• They are evergreen or herbaceous perennial tufted grasses.
• They reach a height range of 10–200 cm.
• They are in a cosmopolitan distribution.
• Most of the species are seen in cool temperate areas.
• The genus is closely linked to ryegrass.
• Fescue pollen is a significant contributor to hay fever.
Uses of Festuca
• The festuca has few species that are important grasses.
• They are used for:
– hay for livestock
– highly nutritious stock feed.
• Fescue is easily established on bare ground.
It is used in:
– soil erosion control programs
– land reclamation during the dust bowl period
– feed for horses.
– Fescue is a risk for pregnant mares.
Some of its species are:
• Festuca altaica – Northern Rough Fescue
• Festuca alpina – Alpine Fescue
• Festuca altissima – Wood Fescue
• Festuca amethystina – Tufted Fescue
• Festuca amplissima
• Festuca arizonica – Arizona Fescue
• Festuca arvernensis
• Festuca arundinacea – Tall Fescue
• Festuca caesia – Blue Fescue
• Festuca californica – California Fescue
• Festuca cinerea – Elijah Blue Fescue
• Festuca contracta – Tufted Fescue
• Festuca diffusa – Northern Fescue
• Festuca donax
• Festuca elegans
• Festuca elmeri – Coast Fescue
• Festuca eskia
Scientific Classification for Festuca
• Kingdom : Plantae
• (unranked) : Angiosperms
• (unranked) : Monocots
• (unranked) : Commelinids
• Order : Poales
• Family : Poaceae
• Genus : Festuca
• Dig a hole with a spade.
• It should be deep enough for the plant’s roots to fit into.
• The crown of the grass should be level with the surface of the soil.
• The hole should be twice as wide as its depth.
• Take the grass from its container.
• Loosen the roots so they will fill the hole.
• Then lower the clump into the ground.
• Fill the hole with soil.
• Press it firmly to remove pockets of air.
• Water the Festuca thoroughly.
• Clump Festuca plants.
• Space them about 8 to 10 inches apart.
• Clump them on the area which you want to cover.
• This will help in forming a ground cover.
• Ornamental grasses like Festuca are unlikely to need fertilizer.
• Conduct a soil pH test on the designated planting location.
• Festuca grass prefers a soil pH range of 6.5 to 7.0.
• Add lime to acidic soil to alkaline soil.
• Even sulfur can be added.
• Spread two inches of compost on the soil.
• Work the compost to about 3 inches of soil using a tiller.
• Eradicate weeds by hand pulling.
• Dig a hole.
• The size should to 2 times the size of the root ball.
• It should be about 1/8-inch deep.
• Put the plant in the soil and cover with soil properly.
• This is to ensure that the base is minimized of air pockets.
• Fertilize in the spring and fall.
• Use a balanced granular fertilizer.
• You can use an all purpose fertilizer with an NPK amount of 8-8-8.