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Melicytus Ramiflorus or Whiteywood belongs to family Violaceae

Images of Melicytus Ramiflorus or Whiteywood at

Melicytus Ramiflorus also known as Mahoe or Whiteywood is a small tree that belongs to the family Violaceae.

Overview of Melicytus Ramiflorus or Whiteywood

• This tree is endemic to New Zealand.
• It can grow up to a height of 10 metres.
• It has a trunk up to 60 cm.
• It has smooth and whitish bark.
• The twigs are brittle.
• The leaves are alternate and dark-green.
• The leaves are 5-15 cm long and 3-5 cm wide.
• Their edges are finely serrated.
• The plants are dioecious.
• The flowers are small which are yellowish in color.
• They are between 3 and 4 mm in diameter.
• They occur in fascicles.
• These flowers have a strong and a pleasant fragrance.
• The berries have a striking violet colour when ripening.
• The berries are more or less spherical.
• They have a diameter between 3 and 4 mm.
• Flowering occurs in late spring.
• The berries of this small tree are eaten by a number of native birds.
• They are Kereru and Tui.

Subspecies of Melicytus Ramiflorus or Whiteywood

Four of the subspecies of M. ramiflorus were recognised:
• subsp. ramiflorus of New Zealand
• subsp. oblongifolius of Norfolk Island
• subsp. fastigiata of Fiji
• Subsp. samoensis of Samoa and Tonga.

Scientific classification for Melicytus Ramiflorus or Whiteywood

• Kingdom : Plantae
• (unranked) : Angiosperms
• (unranked) : Eudicots
• (unranked) : Rosids
• Order : Malpighiales
• Family : Violaceae
• Genus : Melicytus
• Species : M. ramiflorus
• Binomial name : Melicytus ramiflorus

Growing/Caring conditions

• This plant likes light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils.
• It prefers well-drained soil.
• It cannot grow in the shade.
• The soil pH should be acidic that is less than 6.8.
• It likes dry soils to moderate moisture.
• The soil can be rocky or sandy.
• The plant is propagated by seed.
• Sow the seed in fall or spring.
• Stratify the seeds for ten weeks at 40 degrees.
• Plant the seedlings.
• Space the plants to 18 to 24 inches.
• The hairs of the plants can spread through winds.
• This plant requires Full sun to partial shade.
• It likes dry soils to moderate moisture.
• The soil can be rocky or sandy.
• The soil pH should be acidic that is less than 6.8.
• These trees are resistant to insects and disease.
• Treat early with organic or chemical insect repellents and fungicide.
• Avoid insect or disease problems occur.
• Choose a different spot each year to avoid the risk of Wilt disease.
• Avoid over watering the plant as this can cause rotting of the plant.
• Be careful of the spread of hairs around, as some can be allergenic to it.

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