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Dicksonia Squarrosa or New Zealand tree fern is a common tree fern.

Images of Dicksonia Squarrosa or New Zealand tree fern at

Dicksonia Squarrosa which is also known as rough tree fern, New Zealand tree fern and wheki in the Maori language is a common tree fern.

Overview of Dicksonia Squarrosa or New Zealand tree fern

• It is endemic to New Zealand.
• It has a slender black trunk.
• It is usually surrounded by many dead brown fronds.
• This species grow up to a height of 10–80 cm (4–31 in) a year.
• They sometime grow to about 6 m (20 ft) tall.
• It produces few fronds.
• They sprout in almost horizontal fashion.
• The fronds reach 1.5–3 m (4 ft 11 in–9 ft 10 in) in length.
• They are quite crisp to touch.
• They form a small “umbrella” on top of the trunk.
• The trunks are often used for fencing or edging.
• Fronds will sprout from the side if the top is dead.
• The Maori used to form fences.

Scientific classification for Dicksonia Squarrosa or New Zealand tree fern

• Kingdom : Plantae
• Division : Pteridophyta
• Class : Pteridopsida
• Order : Cyatheales
• Family : Dicksoniaceae
• Genus : Dicksonia
• Species : D. squarrosa

Growing/Caring conditions for Tree fern

• Locate a shady location.
• The site should receive periodic direct sunlight.
• Tree ferns will not thrive in complete shade.
• It should be planted in areas.
• The location should receive some direct sunlight.
• The locations should also have plenty of space to develop.
• Mature ferns may have a spread of 15 feet or more.
• Till compost into the soil of the planting site.
• This will help to improve drainage.
• It will also provide nutrients for developing tree ferns.
• Compost should be thoroughly mixed into the soil to a depth of at least 2 feet.
• Tilling the soil helps young tree fern roots to develop and expand underground.
• Sow tree fern spores into the soil.
• Cover with a thin layer of soil.
• If planting a small tree fern from a nursery, loosen the roots of young tree ferns before planting.
• If the roots are tangled and stunted, carefully cut with scissors.
• This will spur new root development.
• Place the plant gently into the soil.
• Ensure that the roots are evenly spread.
• Place mulch around the tree fern.
• Help maintain soil moisture.
• Fertilize tree ferns lightly.
• It should be fertilized throughout the growing season with a wet fertilizer.
• Water tree ferns regularly.
• Cover tree fern fronds with newspapers.
• This is to protect tree ferns from frost damage as needed.
• Prune brown fronds as needed.
• Monitor closely for diseases.
• Tree ferns are most commonly infested by mites, mealy bugs and termites.

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