Cyathea Colensoi or Mountain tree Fern is a species of tree fern.
Overview of Cyathea Colensoi or Mountain tree Fern
Cyathea colensoi is also known by the names:
– Creeping Tree Fern
– Mountain Tree Fern
– Golden Tree Fern
– Blue tree fern
• It is native to New Zealand.
• It is spread from the southern part of the North Island south to Stewart Island.
• It grows in submontane to montane forest in damp areas.
• The trunk is usually prostrate.
• It can be sometimes erect.
• It may grow up to a height of 1 m.
• Fronds are tripinnate.
• Fronds are about 1.5 m long or more.
• The rachis and stipe are slender.
• They are pale brown.
• They are covered with brown scales.
• Sori occur in two rows.
• Plants form a thicket with no sign of a trunk.
• The trunks are carved into vases and statues.
• They are left and used as poles which are used for building small structures.
• In New Guinea young fronds of Cyathea contaminans are boiled and eaten.
Scientific classification for Cyathea Colensoi or Mountain tree Fern
• Kingdom : Plantae
• Division : Pteridophyta
• Class : Pteridopsida
• Order : Cyatheales
• Family : Cyatheaceae
• Genus : Cyathea
• Subgenus : Cyathea
• Section : Alsophila
• Species : C. colensoi
• Binomial name : Cyathea colensoi
• Locate a shady location.
• The site should receive periodic direct sunlight.
• Tree ferns will not thrive in complete shade.
• It should be planted in areas.
• The location should receive some direct sunlight.
• The locations should also have plenty of space to develop.
• Mature ferns may have a spread of 15 feet or more.
• Till compost into the soil of the planting site.
• This will help to improve drainage.
• It will also provide nutrients for developing tree ferns.
• Compost should be thoroughly mixed into the soil to a depth of at least 2 feet.
• Tilling the soil helps young tree fern roots to develop and expand underground.
• Sow tree fern spores into the soil.
• Cover with a thin layer of soil.
• If planting a small tree fern from a nursery, loosen the roots of young tree ferns before planting.
• If the roots are tangled and stunted, carefully cut with scissors.
• This will spur new root development.
• Place the plant gently into the soil.
• Ensure that the roots are evenly spread.
• Place mulch around the tree fern.
• Help maintain soil moisture.
• Fertilize tree ferns lightly.
• It should be fertilized throughout the growing season with a wet fertilizer.
• Water tree ferns regularly.
• Cover tree fern fronds with newspapers.
• This is to protect tree ferns from frost damage as needed.
• Prune brown fronds as needed.
• Monitor closely for diseases.
• Tree ferns are most commonly infested by mites, mealy bugs and termites.