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Dracophyllum is a genus of plants belonging to the family Ericaceae

Images of Dracophyllum at

Dracophyllum is a genus of plants belonging to the family Ericaceae.

Overview of Dracophyllum

• They are mostly shrubs.
• They are found in New Zealand, Australia and New Caledonia.
• Dracophyllum means Dragon-leaf.
• It refers to their strange and almost prehistoric appearance of leaves.
• This plant grows in Australia and Oceania.
• Many species grows in mountains.
• The number of species is more than 60.
• The common English name of dracophyllum is the grass tree.
• It is evergreen plants with the long leaves are in the form of snakes.
• Flowers are small.
• The color is white, white-yellow or white-red.
• It may be an interest plant for gardens.
• Fruits of some species are edible.

Among the New Zealand species are:
• D. arboreum
• D. fiordense
• D. latifolium, Neinei or Spiderwood
• D. lessonianum, Wi-wi
• D. longifolium, inanga or inaka
• D. mathewsii, D. viride and D. sinclairii
• D. menziesii
• D. pyramidale
• D. recurvum
• D. townsonii
• D. traversii, Mountain neinei

Australian Species
• D. sayeri
• D. macranthum
• D. secundum
• D. oceanicum
• D. milliganii
• D. minimum Cushion Plant

Scientific classification for Dracophyllum

• Kingdom : Plantae
• (unranked) : Angiosperms
• (unranked) : Eudicots
• (unranked) : Asterids
• Order : Ericales
• Family : Ericaceae
• Genus : Dracophyllum

Growing/Caring conditions

• The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils.
• This plant needs well-drained soil.
• This herb can grow in nutritionally poor soil.
• The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils.
• The plant can grow in very acid and very alkaline soils.
• The plant grows well in full sun or partial shade.
• Sow the seeds in autumn.
• The seed prefers to be best sown in dry weather.
• This plant can tolerate a pH in the range 4.8 to 8.
• Sow the seeds on the surface of the soil.
• Sow the seed outdoors or indoors, outdoors preferably.
• Soak the seed prior to sowing to about 12 hours to scarify the seed.
• The germination takes abut 1-2 months.
• The germination temperature is 10 degrees Centigrade.
• Prick the seedlings when large enough to plant out or to individual pots.
• Divide in spring or autumn.
• Do not over water the plant.
• Provide the plant with good amount of sunlight.
• The plant will need staking during heavy rainfall periods and time of high winds.

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