Dicksonia Lanata also known as Tuokuro is a species of evergreen tree fern.
Overview of Dicksonia Lanata or Tuokuro
• It can spread to about 4m.
• This plant can grow up to a height of 2m.
• Dicksonia is named in honor of James Dickson, 1738-1822 who was a British nurseryman.
• The species was discovered by William Colenso (1811 –1899).
The other names include:
– Prostrate Tree Fern
– Woolly Tree Fern
– Stumpy Tree Fern
• Dicksonia lanata is endemic to New Zealand’s North and South Islands.
• There are two forms of this tree fern in the wild.
• A trunked form is found growing in the Kauri forests of Northland.
• There is a short slender trunk that measure up to 2m x 15m (7ft x 6 inches).
• Dicksonia lanata is an unusual attractive species.
• It has yellow or green fronds.
• They are paler on the underside.
• The fronds measure between 75cm-2m (30 inches – 7ft).
• Plants will only produce a few fronds at a time.
• These fronds fall from the trunk once it is dead.
Scientific classification for Dicksonia Lanata or Tuokuro
• Kingdom : Plantae
• Division : Pteridophyta
• Class : Pteridopsida
• Order : Cyatheales
• Family : Dicksoniaceae
• Genus : Dicksonia
• Species : D. lanata
• Binomial name : Dicksonia lanata
Growing/Caring conditions for Dicksonia Lanata or Tuokuro
• Locate a shady location.
• The site should receive periodic direct sunlight.
• Tree ferns will not thrive in complete shade.
• It should be planted in areas.
• The location should receive some direct sunlight.
• The locations should also have plenty of space to develop.
• Mature ferns may have a spread of 15 feet or more.
• Till compost into the soil of the planting site.
• This will help to improve drainage.
• It will also provide nutrients for developing tree ferns.
• Compost should be thoroughly mixed into the soil to a depth of at least 2 feet.
• Tilling the soil helps young tree fern roots to develop and expand underground.
• Sow tree fern spores into the soil.
• Cover with a thin layer of soil.
• If planting a small tree fern from a nursery, loosen the roots of young tree ferns before planting.
• If the roots are tangled and stunted, carefully cut with scissors.
• This will spur new root development.
• Place the plant gently into the soil.
• Ensure that the roots are evenly spread.
• Place mulch around the tree fern.
• Help maintain soil moisture.
• Fertilize tree ferns lightly.
• It should be fertilized throughout the growing season with a wet fertilizer.
• Water tree ferns regularly.
• Cover tree fern fronds with newspapers.
• This is to protect tree ferns from frost damage as needed.
• Prune brown fronds as needed.
• Monitor closely for diseases.
• Tree ferns are most commonly infested by mites, mealy bugs and termites.