Kuripaka or Dicksonia Fibrosa is a species of evergreen tree fern.
Overview of Kuripaka or Dicksonia Fibrosa
• Dicksonia fibrosa has others names such as golden tree fern, and wheki-ponga or kuripaka in Maori.
• It is a species of medium-sized tree fern.
• It is native to New Zealand.
• D. fibrosa has a thick, soft and fibrous rusty brown trunk.
• It holds on to its dead leaves.
• It is a slow-growing plant.
• This species can reach a height of 6 meters (20 ft).
• It has bagged the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.
• It eventually spreads to about 4.3m.
D. fibrosa can be found in the:
– South Island
– Stewart and Chatham Islands
– North Island
– North of the Waikato River
– Coromandel Peninsula
• Dicksonia fibrosa is an attractive fern.
• The plants have golden brown trunk.
• It can grow up to 4.8 x 75cm (16ft x 30in) in height.
• Its fronds are similar to Dicksonia Antarctica.
• They are a lighter jade green and are rougher to touch.
• The fronds grow to a maximum of 1.5 – 2.1m.
• It spreads up to 4m (13ft) in diameter.
Scientific classification of Kuripaka or Dicksonia Fibrosa
• Kingdom : Plantae
• Division : Pteridophyta
• Class : Pteridopsida
• Order : Cyatheales
• Family : Dicksoniaceae
• Genus : Dicksonia
• Species : D. fibrosa
• Binomial name : Dicksonia fibrosa
Growing/Caring conditions for Kuripaka or Dicksonia Fibrosa
• Locate a shady location.
• The site should receive periodic direct sunlight.
• Tree ferns will not thrive in complete shade.
• It should be planted in areas.
• The location should receive some direct sunlight.
• The locations should also have plenty of space to develop.
• Mature ferns may have a spread of 15 feet or more.
• Till compost into the soil of the planting site.
• This will help to improve drainage.
• It will also provide nutrients for developing tree ferns.
• Compost should be thoroughly mixed into the soil to a depth of at least 2 feet.
• Tilling the soil helps young tree fern roots to develop and expand underground.
• Sow tree fern spores into the soil.
• Cover with a thin layer of soil.
• If planting a small tree fern from a nursery, loosen the roots of young tree ferns before planting.
• If the roots are tangled and stunted, carefully cut with scissors.
• This will spur new root development.
• Place the plant gently into the soil.
• Ensure that the roots are evenly spread.
• Place mulch around the tree fern.
• Help maintain soil moisture.
• Fertilize tree ferns lightly.
• It should be fertilized throughout the growing season with a wet fertilizer.
• Water tree ferns regularly.
• Cover tree fern fronds with newspapers.
• This is to protect tree ferns from frost damage as needed.
• Prune brown fronds as needed.
• Monitor closely for diseases.
• Tree ferns are most commonly infested by mites, mealy bugs and termites.