Prumnopitys Ferruginea is also known as Miro.
Overview of Prumnopitys Ferruginea or Miro
• It is an evergreen conifer.
• It’s endemic to New Zealand.
• It belongs to the genus Prumnopitys.
• It matures to 25 m high.
• It has a trunk nearly 1.3 m in diameter.
• The leaves are linear to sickle-shaped.
• They are 15-25 mm long and 2-3 mm broad.
• They have down curved margins.
• The vegetation is dioecious.
• It offers pollen cones being solitary.
• Female plants hang from your curved, scaly stalk.
• The seed cones are highly modified.
• They may be minimized to your central stem which measures 2-3 cm long.
• They bear 1-3 scales.
• Each scale matures to some berry-like, oval seed.
• It is about 20 mm long and 10-15 mm broad.
• It can be red to purple-red in color.
• The seed is protected which has a soft edible pulp.
• The scientific name ferruginea comes due to rusty color of dried herbarium specimens from the leaves.
Distinguishing Miro from Matai
• Miro is distinguished from the related matai.
• It is different in five aspects of its:
• Miro trees have longer and broader leaves.
• It offers green undersides.
• That regarding mata? leaves are white.
• The leaves of miro generally narrow to some extent.
• Your mata? are rounded and sometimes having a small point right with the very tip.
• Miro trees have cones that are red in colour.
• That relating to mata? are blue-black.
• Miro also offers relatively longer cones which can be oval and red in color.
• Miro trees bark too flakes off much like matai.
• They leave an original “hammer mark pattern”.
• Unlike mata?, the pattern is neither as pronounced nor as colorful.
• Young plants resemble miniature versions of adults.
• They’ve got green, feathery, needle-like leaves flattened into two rows.
• Small mata? and miro trees look similar.
• Miro oozes resin by reviewing the bark when it receives an injury.
• Previously, miro was adopted mainly for building houses.
• The timber appears like rimu and has similar properties.
Scientific Classification for Prumnopitys Ferruginea or Miro
• Kingdom : Plantae
• Division : Pinophyta
• Class : Pinopsida
• Order : Pinales
• Family : Podocarpaceae
• Genus : Prumnopitys
• Species : P. ferruginea
• Binomial name : Prumnopitys ferruginea
Growing/Caring conditions for Prumnopitys Ferruginea or Miro
• The tree prefers moist and well-drained soils.
• Fine specimens grow on the deep pumice soils of the central North Island.
• Thrives in almost any good soil, including chalky soil.
• Takes a sheltered position.
• This species isn’t cold hardy in Great Britain.
• It succeeds outdoors from the mildest parts of the United States.
• It is really an important commercial timber tree in New Zealand.
• It is dioecious.
• Male and female plants should be grown if seed and fruit are essential.
• Seed can be sown in any season in a sandy soil.
• It can be sown in a greenhouse.
• It can take 18 months to germinate.
• If they are large enough to manage, prick the seedlings out into individual pots.
• Grow them inside the greenhouse for their first winter.
• Plant them out within their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, following last expected frosts.
• Cuttings of half-ripe wood may be grown in July or august inside a frame.