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April 2013
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Garcinia Indica is a plant that belongs to the mangosteen family.

Images of Garcinia Indica at

Garcinia Indica is a plant that belongs to the mangosteen family.

Overview of Garcinia Indica

• It is commonly known as kokum.
• It is a fruit-bearing tree.
• It has many uses in culinary, pharmaceutical, and industrial area.
• The genus Garcinia includes about 200 species.
• It is found in the Old World tropics, mostly in Asia and Africa.
• Garcinia indica is indigenous to the Western Ghats region of India.
• Garcinia indica is found in forest lands, riversides and wastelands.
• These plants prefer evergreen forests.

Garcinia indica is known by various names across India and they are:
• Aamsol
• Aamsul
• Bindin
• Biran
• Bhirand
• Bhrinda
• Brinda
• Katambi
• Looikya
• Sour apple
• Panarpuli
• Ratamba
• Thekera

It is used as:
• In Maharashtra recipes as a sour spice.
• It acts as a substitute for tamarind in curries.
• It is also used in Konkan region in other dishes.
• It is used to add flavor and tartness to dal.
• The tree is ornamental.
• Foot massage can be done from kokum tel, an oily extract.
• Kokum is a wholesome fruit and very nutritious.

Kokum has:
• Carbohydrates
• Citric Acid
• Acetic Acid
• Malic Acid
• Ascorbic acid
• Hydro citric acid
• Garcinol
• Vitamin B complexes
• Potassium
• Manganese
• Magnesium
• Dietary fiber
• Hydroxycitric acid

Scientific classification for Garcinia Indica or Kokum

• Kingdom : Plantae
• (unranked) : Angiosperms
• (unranked) : Eudicots
• (unranked) : Rosids
• Order : Malpighiales
• Family : Clusiaceae
• Subfamily : Clusioideae
• Tribe : Garcinieae
• Genus : Garcinia
• Species : G. indica

Growing/Caring conditions for Garcinia Indica or Kokum

• Kokum is produced on large scale by seeds.
• The tree grows very slowly.
• It takes about 7-8 years for first flowering.
• Kokum needs adequate rainfall.
• It needs abundant sunshine.
• It grows well in fertile soil.
• The fruits are collected from early maturing.
• The heavy yielding plants have bold size fruits.
• The seeds are washed thoroughly in water.
• They are sown in polythene bags.
• It needs well-drained soil on the dry side.
• Purchase seedlings from a local nursery, as the plant grows poorly from seed.
• Place the seedlings 1/8-inch deep into soil after all danger of frost has passed.
• Each plant should have at least 8 inches of elbow room.
• Weed the area regularly.
• Apply an 8-inch thick layer of hay over the bed to protect against weed growth.
• Discard the stems.
• If growing from seeds, plant seeds 1/4-inch deep.
• Plant nursery stock about 18 inches apart.
• If you have planted from seed, thin established seedlings to 12 inches apart.
• Make sure to remove the mulch in early spring.

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