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Horopito or Pseudowintera Colorata is a shrub or small tree.




Images of Horopito at google.com

Horopito which is also known as Pseudowintera colorata is a shrub or small tree.

Overview of Horopito or Pseudowintera Colorata

• This shrub or tree can grow up to a height of eight meters.
• This grows throughout New Zealand.
• These shrubs are an exception of the far north.
• This shrub is abundant in upland.
• This shrub is also abundant in mountain forests in the North Island.
• This shrub or tree extends down to sea level in the southern South Island.
• The plant is known for its regeneration after the destruction of tall forests.
• They form dense secondary shrublands and low forest.
• The upper surface of this shrub’s leaves is light green.
• They are elliptical in shape.
• They are splotched with red.
• They appear red when the plant is exposed to the light.
• The underside portion is blue-grey in color.
• They bear tiny greenish-white flowers.
• These flowers appear in early spring.
• They are followed by black berries in autumn.
• Its leaves have a hot peppery taste.
• They have a burning sensation in the mouth.
• The taste is caused by polygodial which is a compound.
• It has anti-fungal properties.
• This compound is responsible for its anti fungal properties.
• This shrub tastes bad to deer and stock.
• Hence, dominates understorey vegetation in heavily browsed forests.
• Lowland horopito can grow up to a height of 10 metres.
• Its fruit is a dark red berry.

Growing/Caring conditions for Horopito or Pseudowintera Colorata

• The seeds are wind pollinated.
• It grows in damp, shady and well drained location.
• It does not tolerate waterlogged soil.
• These grow well in rich, moist soils and in well-drained areas.
• Add organic matter and fertilize it to enhance nutrients.
• The soil pH should be from 5.5-6.5.
• Add lime if soil is acidic and if it is basic add Sulphur to meet pH requirements.
• This plant needs partial shade.
• The temperature should be 75-85 degrees.
• Sow the seeds ½ inch deep in soil.
• The root system is extensive for this plant so sowing indoors needs at least 3 gallons of soil.
• About 6-8 months the plant flowers.
• Do not over water the plant and fertilize occasionally.

Care for Horopito or Pseudowintera Colorata

• This plant requires partial shade.
• Add organic matter and fertilize it to enhance nutrients.
• These vines grow well in rich, moist soils and in well-drained areas.
• These plant do not tolerate frost.
• If dark brown and slightly raised spots up to about 1/4 inch diameter appear on leaves, stems and fruits, then it is a sign of bacterial spot disease.





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