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Cordyline Australis is commonly known as the cabbage tree.

Images of Cordyline Australis or Cabbage Tree at

Cordyline Australis is commonly known as the cabbage tree.

Overview of Cordyline Australis or Cabbage Tree

• It is a monocot tree with large number of branches.
• It is endemic to New Zealand.
• It grows up to a height of 20 meters.
• It has a trunk that is thick and leaves that are shaped like sword.
• Leaves are at tip of the branch in clustered way.
• They can be up to 1 meter (3 ft) long.
• The trunk is tall and straight.
• It is dense with rounded heads.
• New Zealand pigeon and other birds like the fruit of this tree a lot.
• It provides durable fiber for textiles.
• Another use of cabbage tree is that it can be grown as an ornamental tree in Northern Hemisphere.
• The flowers with nice perfumed smell are produced in spring and early summer.
• They are 60 to 100 cm (2–3 ft) long.
• The positioning of the flower is such that they all are located along the branches of panicles.
• The size of the individual flower is 5 to 6 mm (about 0.2 in) in diameter.
• The stigmas are short and trifid.
• The fruit is a white berry 5 to 7 mm (2–3 in) in diameter.
• Insects get attracted to flowers by the nectar.
• Large, peg-like rhizomes are covered with soft, purplish bark.
• They are up to 3 meters (10 ft) long in old plants.
• They serve to anchor the plant.
• They store fructose in the form of fructan.
• When young, the rhizomes are mostly fleshy.
• They are made up of thin-walled storage cells.

Uses of Cordyline Australis or Cabbage Tree

• Food
• Fiber
• Medicine

Scientific classification for Cordyline Australis or Cabbage Tree

• Kingdom : Plantae
• Clade : Angiosperms
• Clade : Monocots
• Order : Asparagales
• Family : Asparagaceae
• Subfamily : Lomandroideae
• Genus : Cordyline
• Species : C. australis
• Binomial name : Cordyline australis

Growing/Caring conditions for Cordyline Australis or Cabbage Tree

• Cordylines are grown in homes and gardens.
• They are known for their handsome long leaves.
• Theirs is a small tree-like growth and remarkably colored foliage.
• They can only survive well outdoors.
• Provide them a rich, organic soil that doesn’t dry out too much.
• Good light will enhance colors.
• Use them in groups or as taller focal points in the garden.
• It will tolerate temperatures in the low 20’s F or occasionally lower.
• This variety is also quite drought tolerant.
• Cordyline varieties can handle hot sun.
• They grow in difficult soils that lack a lot of organic material.

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