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April 2013
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Brooms are deciduous shrubs in the subfamily Faboideae.

Images of Broom at

Brooms are deciduous shrubs in the subfamily Faboideae belonging to the legume family Fabaceae.

Overview of Broom

• This is a group of evergreen and semi-evergreen.
• This is mainly in the three genera Chamaecytisus, Cytisus and Genista.
• All genera in this group are from the tribe Genisteae.
• These genera have dense and slender green stems.
• It has very small leaves.
• This plant is adapted to dry growing conditions.
• Most of the species have yellow flowers.
• Few have white, orange, red, pink or purple flowers.
• All the brooms and their relatives are natives of Europe, North Africa and southwest Asia.
• Many brooms are fire-climax species.
• Genista tinctoria provides a useful yellow dye.
• It was grown commercially for this purpose in parts of Britain.
• The flower buds and flowers have been used as a salad ingredient.
• It can be used raw or pickled.

Scientific classification of Broom

• Kingdom : Plantae
• (unranked) : Angiosperms
• (unranked) : Eudicots
• (unranked) : Rosids
• Order : Fabales
• Family : Fabaceae
• Subfamily : Faboideae
• Tribe : Genisteae

Growing/Caring conditions for Broom

• Prepare a planting area in mid spring in a protected, sunny area.
• The plant likes good amount of heat from sun for it grow right.
• This plant likes it hot and so choose a location beside your house or garage where the sun shines every day.
• Spread a 2-inch layer of organic compost on top of the soil.
• This will help to fertilize the soil and aid in the help of growth of plant.
• Turn it under to a depth of about 8 inches.
• Rake the area level, and make a shallow trench with your hoe.
• This hoe should be about 1/2 inch deep.
• Plant seeds directly into the garden.
• Space them about 4 inches apart in the trench that is created.
• Cover with a scant 1/4 inch of your soil and compost mixture.
• Water the planting area with a sprinkler for about 10 minutes.
• This is necessary for the germination of the seeds that have been planted.
• Keeps the soil moist until you see green sprouts emerging from the soil.
• Water only when the soil is dry later.
• Allow the plants to form seedpods.
• This typically occurs in late summer or fall.
• Wait until seedpods turn yellow before you harvest them.
• Dry the seedpods in a sunny location for about one week.
• Cover them at night if you expect rain or fog.
• Break open the pods to extract the seeds.
• Store them in an airtight jar or plastic bag.
• This way they will remain dry.

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