Aloysia Citrodora is a species of flowering plant in the verbena family Verbenaceae.
Overview of Aloysia Citrodora
• It is a native to northwestern Argentina and southern Bolivia.
• Common names include lemon verbena and lemon beebrush.
• It was brought to Europe by the Spanish and the Portuguese in the 17th century.
• Lemon verbena is a perennial shrub or subshrub.
• It can grow up to a height of 2–3 m.
• The 8 cm long glossy, pointed leaves are slightly rough.
• They release a powerful scent reminiscent of lemon when bruised.
• The shrub bears tiny lilac or white flowers.
• They appear in late spring or early summer.
• It is grown as a plant for the herb garden.
Lemon verbena leaves are used to:
– add a lemon flavor to fish and poultry dishes
– vegetable marinades
– salad dressings
– greek yogurt
– herbal teas
– make a sorbet
– fragrance ingredient
– lippia citriodora extract shows antioxidant properties.
– applications in cosmetic
– nutraceuticals or functional food
The major isolates in lemon verbena oil are:
• Citral (30–35%)
Scientific classification of Aloysia Citrodora
• Kingdom : Plantae
• (unranked) : Angiosperms
• (unranked) : Eudicots
• (unranked) : Asterids
• Order : Lamiales
• Family : Verbenaceae
• Genus : Aloysia
• Species : A. citrodora
Growing/Caring conditions for Aloysia Citrodora
• Lemon verbena thrives outdoors in the warm temperatures of USDA hardiness zones 9 and 10.
• The plant is hardy to about 10 degrees Fahrenheit.
• Lemon verbena seeds are often difficult to find.
• Plants may also be started from cuttings, which should be taken during the summer months.
• They should be rooted in moist soil in a shady location.
• Plant lemon verbena outdoors in the garden.
• Choose a planting location that receives full sun.
• The location should contain fertile, humus-rich and well-drained soil.
• Add several inches of organic compost into poor soil prior to planting.
• Space outdoor plants at least 12 inches apart.
• This will give enough room for the shrub’s mature size.
• If growing in a container, each potted plant requires a 10- to 12-inch container.
• Place the plant under grow lights for four to six hours per day.
• Keep the soil moist, but not soggy.
• Water about once per week.
• Lemon verbena plants require frequent fertilization throughout the growing season.
• Feed with fish emulsion once per month during the summer.
• Apply a 2- to 3-inch layer of grass clippings or leaf mold in early summer.
• This will help protect plants from the heat.