Tilia Americana which is also known by the names American Linden and Basswood is a species of Tilia belonging to the family Tiliaceae.
Overview of Tilia Americana
• It is native to eastern North America.
• It spreads from:
– southeast Manitoba east to New Brunswick
– southwest to northeast Texas
– southeast to South Carolina
– west along the Niobrara River to Cherry County, Nebraska
• Tilia americana is a medium-sized to large deciduous tree.
• It can grow up to a height of 60 to 120 ft.
• The trunk diameter is about 3–4 ft at maturity.
• The crown is domed.
• The branches are spreading and often pendulous.
• The bark is gray to light brown.
• The roots are large, deep, and spreading.
• The twigs are smooth and reddish-green which become light gray in their second year.
• The winter buds are stout.
• The leaves are simple and alternately arranged.
• They are 10–15 cm long and broad.
• Both the twigs and leaves contain mucilaginous sap.
• The flowers are small, fragrant and yellowish-white in color.
• They are 10–14 mm diameter.
• Flowering is in early to mid summer.
• The pollination is carried by bees.
• The fruit is a small and dry cream-colored nutlet.
• It has a diameter of 8–10 mm.
This plant treats:
– an astringent
– high blood pressure
– a diuretic
– quell hysteria
– relieve anxiety-related indigestion
– irregular heartbeat
Scientific Classification of Tilia Americana
• Kingdom: Plantae
• (unranked): Angiosperms
• (unranked): Eudicots
• (unranked): Rosids
• Order: Malvales
• Family: Tiliaceae
• Genus: Tilia
• Species: T. americana
Growing/Caring conditions for Tilia Americana
• Dig a hole.
• This hole should be as deep as the linden tree sapling’s root ball.
• Use a shovel and make the hole wider than the root ball.
• This should be more by 8 to 12 inches.
• Turn over the soil inside the hole with the shovel.
• Mix it with compost.
• Compost adds nutrients to the soil leading to growth into a healthy tree.
• Place the linden tree carefully in the center of the hole.
• Fill around the root ball with several inches of soil mixed with compost.
• The tree should stay upright.
• Do not completely fill the hole.
• Saturate the soil around the tree with water.
• Allow the soil to absorb the water fully.
• Add more soil to fill the rest of the hole.
• Cover the area around the linden tree with 2 inches of mulch.
• This will protect the tree’s roots.
• Do not let the mulch cover the tree trunk.
• It will also discourage or prevent fungus, disease, rot or insect infestation.
• Fertilize the linden tree each spring and throughout the growing season.
• Prune the linden tree each autumn.
• Remove any diseased or dead branches with pruning shears.