Nigella Sativa is an annual flowering plant.
Overview of Nigella Sativa
• This plant is a native to south and southwest Asia.
• Nigella contains an element which means black.
• This is due to the unusually dark color of the seeds.
• This plant can grow up to a height of 20–30 cm (7.9–12 in).
• The plant has finely divided and linear leaves.
• The flowers are delicate.
• They are usually colored pale blue and white.
• They have about five to ten petals.
• The fruit is a large and inflated capsule.
• It is composed of three to seven united follicles.
• Each of them contains numerous seeds.
• The seed is used as a spice.
• Nigella sativa has a pungent bitter taste and smell.
• It is used primarily in confectionery and liquors.
• The deep black, sharp-edged seed grains are the used part of this plant.
• Nigella seeds have little odor.
• When ground or chewed they develop a vaguely oregano-like scent.
• The taste is aromatic and slightly bitter.
• It is called pungent and smok.
• It is compared to black pepper.
• There is pungency in unripe or not yet dried seeds.
Nigella sativa seed is also called as:
• Fennel flower
• Nutmeg flower
• Roman coriander
• Black caraway
Nigella sativa oil contains:
• conjugated linoleic acid
• nigellone (dithymoquinone)
Benefits of Nigella Sativa
• Nigella may be effective against cancer.
• Nigellone which is an active chemical compound in Nigella seeds is helpful in relieving asthma, diarrhea and high blood pressure.
Scientific classification of Nigella Sativa
• Kingdom: Plantae
• Division: Magnoliophyta
• Class: Magnoliopsida
• Order: Ranunculales
• Family: Ranunculaceae
• Genus: Nigella
• Species: N. sativa
Growing/Caring conditions for Nigella Sativa
• Eliminate all grass and weeds in the planting location of Nigella.
• Loosen the soil.
• Loosen to a depth of 4 to 6 inches.
• Sow the nigella seeds in the prepared location.
• Cover the seeds with 1/8 inch of soil.
• Water lightly right after planting.
• See that the seeds are not buried too deeply.
• Water the seeds when the surface of the garden soil feels dry.
• Feed with water-soluble fertilizer once every week.
• Pull weeds from around the plants.
• Shear off blooms as they fade.
• It takes eight to 15 days for nigella seedlings to emerge.