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Tropaeolum or Nasturtium – only genus in the family Tropaeolaceae.

Images of Tropaeolum or Nasturtium at

Tropaeolum also known as Nasturtium belongs to a genus of about 80 species of annual and perennial herbaceous flowering plants.

Overview of Tropaeolum or Nasturtium

• It was named by Carl Linnaeus.
• It is the only genus in the family Tropaeolaceae.
• The nasturtiums have got their name as they produce oil that is similar to that produced by watercress.
• The genus Tropaeolum is a native to South and Central America.
• Plants in this genus have showy and intensely bright flowers.
• They are rounded, peltate (shield-shaped) leaves.
• They have the petiole in the center.
• The flowers have five petals.
• It has a three-carpel-led ovary and a funnel-shaped nectar tube at the back.
• Tropaeolum is a genus of dicotyledonous annual or perennial plants.
• They have succulent stems.
• They have sometimes tuberous roots.
• The alternate leaves are hairless.
• The flowers are bisexual and showy.
• They have five sepals.
• The fruit is naked and nut-like.
• It has three single seed segments.

Uses of Tropaeolum or Nasturtium

• All parts of T. majus are edible.
• The flower has most often been consumed.
• This makes for an especially ornamental salad ingredient.
• It has a slightly peppery taste.
• It is also used in stir fry.
• The flowers contain about 130 milligrams (2.0 gr) vitamin C per 100 grams (3.5 oz).
• Nasturtiums have been used in herbal medicine.
• It is known for their antiseptic and expectorant qualities.
• They are said to be good for a chest cold.
• They promote well being by the formation of new blood cells.
• It is also used for respiratory and urinary tract infections.

Scientific classification of Tropaeolum or Nasturtium

• Kingdom : Plantae
• (unranked) : Angiosperms
• (unranked) : Eudicots
• (unranked) : Rosids
• Order : Brassicales
• Family : Tropaeolaceae
• Genus : Tropaeolum

Growing/Caring conditions for Tropaeolum or Nasturtium

• Select a sunny spot.
• Tropaeolum or Nasturtium thrive in spots where at least six hours of the day of sunshine is available.
• Tropaeolum or Nasturtium will not produce well with less sunshine.
• Sow the Tropaeolum or Nasturtium seeds directly into the ground.
• Tropaeolum or Nasturtium don’t grow well as transplants.
• They often die from transplant shock.
• It’s best to sow them directly into the ground.
• Sow them once the chance of frost has passed.
• Keep the Tropaeolum or Nasturtium well watered.
• Tropaeolum or Nasturtium were originally grown in subtropical regions.
• Water the Tropaeolum or Nasturtium frequently, especially in hotter months.
• Don’t let them dry out too much.
• Deadhead the flowers often for more blooms.
• Picking the blooms frequently helps the nasturtium plant produce more blooms throughout its life span.
• Choose flowers and leaves that have no visible signs of infestation.
• They can be used to add to salads and other dishes.
• Aphids are a big problem with Tropaeolum or Nasturtium.
• Add a trellis to help support the vining habit of Tropaeolum or Nasturtium.
• Keep Tropaeolum or Nasturtium away from plants that might be affected by aphids.
• Tropaeolum or Nasturtium prefer sandy soil.
• They will grow in any well-drained area.
• Sow the seeds about 1/2 inch deep in moist soil.
• They should be spaced about 2 to 3 inches apart.
• They can grow in full sun or partial shade.
• The seeds will grow 4 months after planting.

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