Sambucus Mexicana or Mexican elderberry which is also known as Tapiro, is a deciduous shrub to tree.
Overview of Sambucus Mexicana
• This shrub bears butter yellow flowers.
• They bloom in Apr-Aug.
• This is followed by purple berries in September-October.
• This elderberry is native to canyons, valleys west of Sierra Nevada form Oregon to Baja and east to West Texas.
• It likes full sun to part shade.
• It will take extreme drought after it gets its roots down.
• Its bluish-black berries are excellent in jelly, fair in pie. Pruning keeps the tree attractive.
• It likes summers.
Characteristics of Sambucus Mexicana
• Sambucus mexicana Tapiro tolerates clay and seasonal flooding.
• Sambucus mexicana Tapiro is great for a bird garden.
• Sambucus mexicana Tapiro’s foliage color is green and type is deciduous.
• Sambucus mexicana Tapiro’s flower color is yellow.
• Sambucus mexicana Tapiro’s fruit is edible.
Ranges for Sambucus Mexicana
• ph: 5.00 to 8.00
• usda: 6 to 10
• height[m]: 2.00 to 4.00
• width[m]: 2.00 to 4.00
• rainfall[cm]: 98.00 to 532.00
Growing/Caring conditions of Sambucus
• Plant at least two different cultivators of elderberry bushes to facilitate fertilization.
• Position the bushes in an area of full sun to partial shade in well-drained soil near an outer boundary of your property.
• The branches of mature bushes become weighed down with berry clusters in late summer.
• So, put them in a location that doesn’t interfere with walkways, lawn mowing or nearby plants sunlight requirements.
• Water elderberry bushes frequently during their first year in the garden to keep the surrounding soil consistently moist.
• Once established, both American and European elderberries tolerate drought conditions.
• They may exhibit reduced flowering and berry yields unless watered during extended dry periods.
• Spread a 2- to 3-inch layer of mulch in a 3- to 4-foot-wide area around Sambucus bushes.
• In addition to retaining moisture in the soil and suppressing weeds, you can easily see and remove the suckers that sprout up around the bushes’ bases.
• Prune elderberries in early spring before the leaves begin to open.
• During the first two years, allow five to seven of the bush’s multiple stems to grow freely.
• Cut any new stems that emerge down to ground level to keep the plant from becoming leggy.
• Once an elderberry bush is more than 6 to 8 feet tall, prune away up to half of its branches to maintain an attractive, symmetrical appearance.
• Prune back stems more than 3 years old to the ground to allow new stems to grow for more vigorous fruit production.
• Examine elderberry bushes routinely for signs of fungus disease.
• If twig canker appears, immediately cut the entire stem back to the ground and burn it or discard in the trash.
• Watch for any stems that die back, a problem that may be caused by elder shoot borers.
• Cut the dead stems away in the autumn and discard to prevent the pests from overwintering in the plant.
• Protect your elderberry crop from birds by covering the entire bush with lightweight netting.