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Sambucus Melanocarpa is a perennial woody deciduous member of the Sambucus genus.

Images of Sambucus Melanocarpa at

Sambucus Melanocarpa which is commonly named as Black Elder is a perennial woody deciduous member of the Sambucus genus in the family Caprifoliaceae.

Overview of Sambucus Melanocarpa

• The leaves and stems of some, if not all, members of this genus are poisonous.
• The fruit of many species (although no records have been seen for this species) has been known to cause stomach upsets to some people.
• Any toxin the fruit might contain is liable to be of very low toxicity and is destroyed when the fruit is cooked.
• Fruit can be taken raw or cooked.
• It is low in pectin.
• It is best mixed with crab apples or other pectin-rich fruits if used in making jams, jellies etc.
• The fruit is about 6mm in diameter and is borne in large clusters.
• The dried ripe berries have been eaten as a treatment for diarrhea.
• A decoction of the roots has been used in the treatment of diarrhea and dysentery.
• A poultice of the boiled, mashed roots have been used as a treatment for cakes breasts, cuts and wounds.
• A decoction of the flowers has been used in the treatment of tuberculosis, coughs and colds.
• It has also been given to children as a spring tonic.
• A poultice of the crushed leaves has been used to treat bruises and bleeding wounds.

Growing/Caring conditions of Sambucus

• Plant at least two different cultivators of elderberry bushes to facilitate fertilization.
• Position the bushes in an area of full sun to partial shade in well-drained soil near an outer boundary of your property.
• The branches of mature bushes become weighed down with berry clusters in late summer.
• So, put them in a location that doesn’t interfere with walkways, lawn mowing or nearby plants sunlight requirements.
• Water elderberry bushes frequently during their first year in the garden to keep the surrounding soil consistently moist.
• Once established, both American and European elderberries tolerate drought conditions.
• They may exhibit reduced flowering and berry yields unless watered during extended dry periods.
• Spread a 2- to 3-inch layer of mulch in a 3- to 4-foot-wide area around Sambucus bushes.
• In addition to retaining moisture in the soil and suppressing weeds, you can easily see and remove the suckers that sprout up around the bushes’ bases.
• Prune elderberries in early spring before the leaves begin to open.
• During the first two years, allow five to seven of the bush’s multiple stems to grow freely.
• Cut any new stems that emerge down to ground level to keep the plant from becoming leggy.
• Once an elderberry bush is more than 6 to 8 feet tall, prune away up to half of its branches to maintain an attractive, symmetrical appearance.
• Prune back stems more than 3 years old to the ground to allow new stems to grow for more vigorous fruit production.
• Examine elderberry bushes routinely for signs of fungus disease.
• If twig canker appears, immediately cut the entire stem back to the ground and burn it or discard in the trash.
• Watch for any stems that die back, a problem that may be caused by elder shoot borers.
• Cut the dead stems away in the autumn and discard to prevent the pests from overwintering in the plant.
• Protect your elderberry crop from birds by covering the entire bush with lightweight netting.

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