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Sambucus Ebulus is a herbaceous species of elder.

Images of Sambucus Ebulus at

Sambucus (elder or elderberry) is a genus of between 5 and 30 species of shrubs or small trees in the moschatel family, Adoxaceae. Danewort (Sambucus ebulus) which is also known as Dane Weed, Danesblood, Dwarf Elder or European Dwarf Elder and Walewort is a herbaceous species of elder.

Overview of Sambucus Ebulus

• It is native to southern and central Europe and southwest Asia.
• It can grow up to 1-2 m tall
• It has erect and usually un-branched stems.
• It can grow in large groups from an extensive perennial underground rhizome.
• The leaves are opposite, pinnate and 15-30 cm long.
• It has 5-9 leaflets with a fetid smell.
• The stems terminate in a corymb 10-15 cm diameter with numerous white (occasionally pink) flowers.
• The fruit is a small glossy blackberry 5-6 mm diameter.
• The ripe fruit gives out a purple juice.
• The name Danewort comes from the belief that it only grows on the sites of battles that involved the Danes.
• The term ‘Walewort’ or ‘Walwort’ meant ‘foreigner plant.’
• The plant’s stems and leaves turn red in autumn and this may explain the link with blood.
• The word Dane may link to an old term for diarrhea.

Scientific classification of Sambucus Ebulus

• Kingdom: Plantae
• (unranked): Angiosperms
• (unranked): Eudicots
• (unranked): Asterids
• Order: Dipsacales
• Family: Adoxaceae
• Genus: Sambucus
• Species: S. ebulus

Growing/Caring conditions of Sambucus

• Plant at least two different cultivators of elderberry bushes to facilitate fertilization.
• Position the bushes in an area of full sun to partial shade in well-drained soil near an outer boundary of your property.
• The branches of mature bushes become weighed down with berry clusters in late summer.
• So, put them in a location that doesn’t interfere with walkways, lawn mowing or nearby plants sunlight requirements.
• Water elderberry bushes frequently during their first year in the garden to keep the surrounding soil consistently moist.
• Once established, both American and European elderberries tolerate drought conditions.
• They may exhibit reduced flowering and berry yields unless watered during extended dry periods.
• Spread a 2- to 3-inch layer of mulch in a 3- to 4-foot-wide area around Sambucus bushes.
• In addition to retaining moisture in the soil and suppressing weeds, you can easily see and remove the suckers that sprout up around the bushes’ bases.
• Prune elderberries in early spring before the leaves begin to open.
• During the first two years, allow five to seven of the bush’s multiple stems to grow freely.
• Cut any new stems that emerge down to ground level to keep the plant from becoming leggy.
• Once an elderberry bush is more than 6 to 8 feet tall, prune away up to half of its branches to maintain an attractive, symmetrical appearance.
• Prune back stems more than 3 years old to the ground to allow new stems to grow for more vigorous fruit production.
• Examine elderberry bushes routinely for signs of fungus disease.
• If twig canker appears, immediately cut the entire stem back to the ground and burn it or discard in the trash.
• Watch for any stems that die back, a problem that may be caused by elder shoot borers.
• Cut the dead stems away in the autumn and discard to prevent the pests from overwintering in the plant.
• Protect your elderberry crop from birds by covering the entire bush with lightweight netting.

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