Rhus Typhina is also known as the Staghorn Sumac and it belongs to the Anacardiaceae or Cashew family.
Overview of Rhus Typhina
• It is a deciduous shrub to small tree.
• It is a native to eastern North America.
• It is primarily found in:
– Southeastern Canada
– Northeastern US
– Midwestern United States
– Appalachian Mountains
• It can grow up to a height of 3–10 m.
• It has alternate and pinnately compound leaves.
• They are about 25–55 cm long.
• Each has 9–31 serrate leaflets.
• They are 6–11 cm long.
• The leaf petioles and the stems are densely covered in rust-colored hairs.
• The fruit forms dense clusters of small red drupes at the terminal end of the branches.
• The clusters are conic.
• They are 10–20 cm long and 4–6 cm broad at the base.
• The plant flowers from May to July.
• The fruit ripens from June to September.
• Rhus spreads by seeds and by rhizomes.
Rhus Typhina or Staghorn sumac grows in:
• The edges of forests
Uses of Rhus Typhina
• The fruit of sumacs can be made into pink lemonade.
• All parts except the roots can be used as both a natural dye and as a mordant.
• The plant is rich in tannins.
Scientific classification of Rhus Typhina
• Kingdom: Plantae
• (unranked): Angiosperms
• (unranked): Eudicots
• (unranked): Rosids
• Order: Sapindales
• Family: Anacardiaceae
• Genus: Rhus
• Species: R. typhina
Growing and caring conditions for Rhus Typhina
• Look for plants at nurseries.
• Get them in spring and summer.
• They can be brought all year-round in warmer climates.
• Choose healthy-looking plants.
• A healthy plant has signs of new leaves and flower buds.
• Buy Rhus plant in 1-gallon containers.
• Choose a site.
• The site should receive full sun.
• The site should have a well-drained soil.
• The plant can tolerate partial shade.
• Dig a hole for each plant.
• This hole should be no deeper than the soil in which the plant was growing.
• Dig planting holes.
• These holes should be spaced three feet apart.
• Add a light application of organic fertilizer.
• Apply it to each planting hole.
• This should be done before setting the plants in.
• Mulch around the plant and not on top of the plants.
• Mulch it with 3 inches of organic compost.
• Water until the soil is completely moist.
• Water weekly the first summer only.
• Rhus plant does not need extra water once it is established.
• Prune out selected stems.
• Do so for the size.
• Prune if they are damaged.
• Prune it using by-pass pruners or a pruning saw.
• Do cut the stem off all the way back to the joint of the stem or where it joins another stem.
• Rhus plants make a good high ground cover for slopes.
• They look well along the top or bottom of a wall.
• They go well in a hot, sunny location.
• Rhus plants usually spread 6 to 8 feet all around.