Etlingera Maingayi is a species that belong to the Zingiberaceae family.
Overview of Etlingera Maingayi
• This plant is also known as Malay rose.
• It is a species of herbaceous perennial plant.
Botanical synonyms are:
– Amomum maingayi Baker
– Hornstedtia maingayi
– Nicolaia maingayi
– Phaeomeria maingayi
• These species occurs in southern Thailand.
• Here, its flowers are eaten as vegetables.
• It is the same in Malaysia.
• E. maingayi can grow up to a height of less than 2 meters.
• Its leaves are:
– With undulate fringes
– Emit a sour scent when crushed
– Young leaves are translucent
– They are reddish on both sides.
• This plant is famous for being an ornamental plant.
• They are used in landscape gardens.
• E. fulgens is very recognizable.
• This is because of its shiny undulate leaves.
• They are dark green in colour.
• Leaves of E. maingayi display:
– ferrous ion chelating ability
– lipid peroxidation inhibition activity
– the highest yield of oil (1320 mg/100 g)
• Oils of these species have:
– mainly of lauric acid (45%)
– decanoic acid (43%)
– inhibited Gram-positive bacteria
Scientific classification of Etlingera Maingayi
• Kingdom: Plantae
• (unranked): Angiosperms
• (unranked): Monocots
• (unranked): Commelinids
• Order: Zingiberales
• Family: Zingiberaceae
• Genus: Etlingera
• Species: E. maingayi
Growing conditions for Etlingera Maingayi
• Plant this ginger plant in spring after the danger of frost is passed.
• The plants should be 30 cm apart and plant spacing between should be 15-23 cm.
• The plant can be propagated with small rhizome buds, tubers, corms or bulbs.
• The rhizomes are tender when young that is when the skin is brown rather than white.
• Do not harvest the whole clump but only one or two buds.
• This plant needs hard, clayey and dense soil.
• The plant needs indirect light or filtered sun.
• Water the plant everyday.
• Keep the soil moist.
• The minimum temperature for ideal growth is about 68 F.
• The hardiness zone that the plant needs is 9.
• A balanced water soluble fertilizer after flowering is preferred for this plant.
• No serious insect or disease affects the plant.
• Rich, fertile, organic soil is preferred for good growth of plant.
• Avoid sogginess of soil but maintain the soil moist.
• Pruning can be done to avoid over sizing of plant.