Chimaphila Maculata is also known as Spotted Wintergreen or striped wintergreen and striped prince’s pine.
Overview of Chimaphila Maculata or Spotted Wintergreen
• It is a small perennial evergreen herb.
• It is a native to eastern North America and Central America.
• It is distributed from southern Quebec west to Illinois, and south to Florida and Panama.
• It can grow up to a height of 10-25 cm.
• It has dark green and variegated leaves.
• These leaves are 2-7 cm in length and 6-26 mm in width.
• The flowers are round and appear in late July to early August.
• They are white or pinkish in color.
Uses of Chimaphila Maculata or Spotted Wintergreen
Wintergreen is used to alleviate:
• rheumatic symptoms
• sore throat
• various aches
Wintergreen oil is used topically for:
• muscle and joint discomfort,
• poor circulation,
• heart disease,
• hair care,
• broken or bruised bones.
Growing conditions for Chimaphila Maculata or Spotted Wintergreen
• Loosen the soil prior to planting the wintergreen.
• Plant it in early spring.
• Use a garden fork to create a fine planting medium.
• The soil should be free of large rocks and debris.
• Wintergreen prefers soil with a pH between 4.0 and 6.5.
• If the pH is below 4.0, addition of lime to the soil is recommended.
• For a pH above 6.5, addition of peat moss is recommended.
• Prepare a hole for the wintergreen shrub.
• It should be twice the width of its container and with same depth.
• Space the holes 12 to 15 inches apart.
• Remove the wintergreen and deposit it in the center of the hole.
• Back fill the hole and pat the soil around it.
• This will help to release air pockets.
• Water the wintergreen at a rate of 1 inch per week.
• Maintain moist soil.
• This should be up to a depth of 1 inch at all times.
Caring conditions for Chimaphila Maculata or Spotted Wintergreen
• Water the plant to moisten the soil up to a depth of 4 to 6 inches.
• Keep the soil consistently moist.
• Fertilize wintergreen with an organic fertilizer in the early spring.
• Spread a 1-inch layer of compost or aged manure over the surface of the soil.
• Maintain a 2-inch layer of mulch around the plant.
• Use an organic mulching material such as peat moss or pine straw.
• Harvest leaves from your wintergreen plant from June to September.
• Snip the leaves from the plant with a pair of sharpened and sterilized pruning shears.