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December 2012
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Etlingera Elatior is a species of herbaceous perennial plant.

Images of Etlingera Elatior plant at

Etlingera Elatior is a species of herbaceous perennial plant. The common names include:
• Torch Ginger
• Ginger Flower
• Red Ginger Lily
• Torch Lily
• Wild Ginger
• Combrang
• Bunga Kantan
• Philippine Wax Flower
• Xiang Bao Jiaing
• Indonesian Tall Ginger
• Boca de Dragon
• Rose de Porcelaine
• Porcelain Rose

Botanical synonyms include:
• Nicolaia elatior
• Phaeomeria magnifica
• Nicolaia speciosa
• Phaeomeria speciosa
• Alpinia elatior
• Alpinia magnifica

Overview of Etlingera Elatior

• This plant has pink flowers.
• They are used in decorative arrangements.
• The flower buds are an important ingredient in Nonya dish laksa.
• It is known in:
– Indonesian as bunga kecombrang or honje
– Malay as bunga kantan
– Thaias daalaa

Chemical Constituents of Etlingera Elatior

Leaves of Etlingera Elatior has three caffeoylquinic acids including chlorogenic acid.
Three flavonoids like:
• quercitrin
• isoquecitrin
• catechin
Leaves of E. elatior have the highest
• antioxidant
• antibacterial
• tyrosinase inhibition activities

Scientific classification of Etlingera Elatior

• Kingdom: Plantae
• (unranked): Angiosperms
• (unranked): Monocots
• (unranked): Commelinids
• Order: Zingiberales
• Family: Zingiberaceae
• Genus: Etlingera
• Species: E. elatior

Growing Conditions for of Etlingera Elatior

• Plant pink torch ginger in spring after the danger of frost is passed.
• The plants should be 30cm apart and plant spacing between should be 15-23 cm.
• Plant pink torch ginger in full sun, part sun or part shade.
• The plant can be propagated with small rhizome buds, tubers, corms or bulbs.
• The rhizomes are tender when young that is when the skin is brown rather than white.
• Do not harvest the whole clump but only one or two buds.
• This plant needs hard, clayey and dense soil.
• The plant needs indirect light or filtered sun.
• Water the plant every day.
• Keep the soil moist.
• The minimum temperature for ideal growth is about 68 F.
• The hardiness zone that the plant needs is 9.
• A balanced water soluble fertilizer after flowering is preferred for this plant.
• Fertilize the plants once a month using a balanced 10-10-10 or 20-20-20 fertilizer.
• Cut out dead or fading leaf stalks at the soil line.
• Cut out the dead flower stalks once the flower dies.
• No serious insect or disease affects the plant.
• Rich, fertile, organic soil is preferred for good growth of plant.
• Avoid sogginess of soil but maintain the soil moist.
• Pruning can be done to avoid over sizing of plant.

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