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December 2012
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Gaultheria Humifusa is a species of shrub that belongs to the family Heath.

Images of Gaultheria Humifusa plant at

Gaultheria Humifusa is a species of shrub that belongs to the family Heath.

Overview of Gaultheria Humifusa

• It is known by the common names alpine wintergreen and alpine spicy wintergreen.
• It is native to western North America.
• It is spread from British Columbia to California to Colorado.
• Here it grows in moist sub-alpine mountain forests.
• It is a low and spreading shrub.
• The stems are less than 20 centimeters.
• The leaves are small and oval in shape.
• The leaves are one to two centimeters long.
• They bear solitary bell-shaped flowers.
• The flowers are white to light pink in color.

Scientific Classification for Gaultheria Humifusa

• Kingdom: Plantae
• (unranked): Angiosperms
• (unranked): Eudicots
• (unranked): Asterids
• Order: Ericales
• Family: Ericaceae
• Genus: Gaultheria
• Species: G. humifusa

Wintergreen oil is used topically for:
• muscle and joint discomfort,
• arthritis,
• cellulite,
• obesity,
• edema,
• poor circulation,
• headache,
• heart disease,
• hypertension,
• rheumatism,
• tendinitis,
• cramps,
• inflammation,
• eczema,
• hair care,
• psoriasis,
• gout,
• ulcers and
• broken or bruised bones.

Growing conditions for Gaultheria Humifusa

• Loosen the soil prior to planting the wintergreen.
• Plant it in early spring.
• Use a garden fork to create a fine planting medium.
• The soil should be free of large rocks and debris.
• Wintergreen prefers soil with a pH between 4.0 and 6.5.
• If the pH is below 4.0, addition of lime to the soil is recommended.
• For a pH above 6.5, addition of peat moss is recommended.
• Prepare a hole for the wintergreen shrub.
• It should be twice the width of its container and with same depth.
• Space the holes 12 to 15 inches apart.
• Remove the wintergreen and deposit it in the center of the hole.
• Back-fill the hole and pat the soil around it.
• This will help to release air pockets.
• Water the wintergreen at a rate of 1 inch per week.
• Maintain moist soil.
• This should be up to a depth of 1 inch at all times.

Caring Conditions for Gaultheria Ovatifolia

• Water the plant to moisten the soil up to a depth of 4 to 6 inches.
• Keep the soil consistently moist.
• Fertilize wintergreen with an organic fertilizer in the early spring.
• Spread a 1-inch layer of compost or aged manure over the surface of the soil.
• Maintain a 2-inch layer of mulch around the plant.
• Use an organic mulching material such as peat moss or pine straw.
• Harvest leaves from your wintergreen plant from June to September.
• Snip the leaves from the plant with a pair of sharpened and sterilized pruning shears.

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