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December 2012
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Epilobium belongs to the family Onagraceae.

Images of Epilobium plant at

Epilobium belongs to the family Onagraceae. It contains about 160-200 species of flowering plants. They are generally abundant in the:
– subarctic
– temperate
– sub-antarctic regions
• Most species are known by the common name willowherbs.
• Epilobium species are used as food plants by the caterpillars.

The Lepidoptera species that use this plant as food include:
– Geometridae
– Grey Pug
– Double-striped Pug
– Noctuidae
– Mouse Moth
– Small Angle Shades
– The Gothic
– Hebrew Character
– Australian Grapevine Moth
– Setaceous Hebrew Character
– Sphingidae
– Elephant Hawk-moth
– Small Elephant Hawk-moth
– White-lined Sphinx
• Fire-weed is regularly used as ornamental plants.
• These plants bring a splash of color.
• Fire-weed is used as a sweetener in northwestern North America.

This is put in:
• Candies
• Jellies ice cream
• Syrup
• Other treats
– It has young leaves, roots and shoots are edible.
– They are rich in pro-vitamin A and vitamin C.
– It is applied to wounds.
– It has anti-inflammatory properties.

Growing conditions for Epilobium

• Place the fire weed seeds in a plastic food storage bag.
• This should be done in late summer.
• Seal the bag tightly.
• Insert the bag into a refrigerator.
• Maintain a temperature of 40 degrees Fahrenheit.
• Leave it there for 40 days.
• Look for a planting site.
• The site should get full to partial sunlight.
• The plant needs moist to slightly soggy soil.
• The sites near bodies of water are more suitable for this plant. They are like:
– Streams
– Bogs
– Drainage ditches
– A canopy of trees
• Pull up all weeds.
• Remove other vegetation in the area.
• Spread an all-purpose fertilizer over the soil.
• Spread the amount specified on the fertilizer label.
• Mix the fertilizer into the top 5 to 6 inches of the soil.
• Use a pitchfork or a shovel.
• Smooth the top of the soil out evenly.

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