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December 2012
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Kaempferia Galangal is a monocotyledonous plant that belongs to the ginger family.

Images of Kaempferia Galanga at

Kaempferia Galangal is a monocotyledonous plant that belongs to the ginger family.
Kaempferia Galangal has common names like:
• Kencur
• Aromatic ginger
• Sand ginger
• Cutcherry
• Resurrection lily

Overview of Kaempferia Galangal

• It is one of four plants called galangal.
• It is found primarily in open areas like:
– Indonesia
– Southern China
– Taiwan
– Cambodia
– India
– Southeast Asia (cultivated)
• The plant is used as a:
– herb in cooking
– with rice flour
– treat rheumatism
– treat abdominal pain
– Its leaves are also used in the Malay rice dish, nasi ulam.
– It is also used in Chinese cooking and Chinese medicine.
• Below are similar species:
– Alpinia galanga
– Alpinia zerumbet
– Curcuma longa
– Etlingera elatior
– Etlingera maingayi
– Etlingera fulgens
– Kaempferia angustifolia
– Kaempferia rotunda
– Zingiber cassumunar
– Zingiber officinale
• The plant has its aroma which attributes to:
– Borneol
– 1,8-Cineole
– Ethyl cinnamate
– Ethyl p-methoxycinnamate
– Gamma-car-3-ene
– Pentadecane

Growing conditions for Kaempferia Galangal

• Grow Zone: 8
• Light Conditions: Full Shade,Partial Sun/Shade
• Water Requirements: Consistent moist soil
• PH Level: 6-7.5
• Minimum Height: 6 inches
• Maximum Height: 8 inches
• Growth Habit: Moderate
• Bloom Period: Late Spring- Early Fall
• Bloom Color: Light to medium blue
• Fragrant: No
• Best Grown In: Container, Bedding Plant
• Scientific Name: Kaempferia galanga
• Class: Liliopsida
• Family: Zingiberaceae
• Genus: Kaempferia
• Species: Galanga
• Cultivar: Galanga
• Salt Tolerance: Moderate
• Plant Galangal in spring after the danger of frost is passed.
• The plants should be 30cm apart and plant spacing between should be 15-23 cm.
• The plant can be propagated with small rhizome buds, tubers, corms or bulbs.
• The rhizomes are tender when young that is when the skin is brown rather than white.
• Do not harvest the whole clump but only one or two buds.
• This plant needs hard, clayey and dense soil.
• The plant needs indirect light or filtered sun.
• Water the plant everyday.
• Keep the soil moist.
• The minimum temperature for ideal growth is about 68 F.
• The hardiness zone that the plant needs is 9.
• A balanced water soluble fertilizer after flowering is preferred for this plant.
• No serious insect or disease affects the plant.
• Rich, fertile, organic soil is preferred for good growth of plant.
• Avoid sogginess of soil but maintain the soil moist.
• Pruning can be done to avoid over sizing of plant.

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