Kitchen Garden | Organic Gardens | Potted Plants | Growing Plants

Amazon Stuff

November 2012
« Oct   Dec »

Facebook Fan Page

Piper Cubeba or Cubeb belongs to the genus Piper.

Images of Piper Cubeba or Cubeb at

Piper Cubeba or Cubeb which is also called tailed pepper belongs to the genus Piper.

Overview of Piper Cubeba or Cubeb

• It is cultivated for its fruit.
• It is used for its essential oil.
• It is generally grown in Java and Sumatra.
• It is also known as Java pepper.
• The fruits are taken out before they ripen.
• They are then dried.
• Commercial cubebs consist of the dried berries.
• They look like black pepper.
• They have stalks attached which appear like tails and hence the name “tailed pepper”.
• The dried pericarp is wrinkled.
• The color ranges from grayish-brown to black.
• The seed is hard and white.
• It is oily.
• The odor of cubebs is aromatic
• Its taste is pungent and acrid.
• It is slightly bitter and persistent.
• Cubeb came to Europe via India.

Where can be Piper Cubeba or Cubeb used?

• Mouthwash
• Oral and dental diseases
• Loss of voice
• Halitosis
• Fevers
• Cough
• Intensify sexual pleasure
• Chronic pharyngitis
• Hay fever

Growing/Caring conditions for Piper Cubeba or Cubeb

• Sow seedlings indoors.
• It prefers well-drained soils, such as silty or sandy loams, and 800–2,000 mm (31–79 in) of annual precipitation.
• Sow them late spring to early summer.
• The plant requires full sun.
• Sow those eight to ten weeks before the last frost date for your area.
• They are a difficult in germination and seedlings grow slowly at first.
• Provide bottom heat or heat lamps to raise the soil temperature to 80 degrees.
• This will promote better and quicker germination.
• A heated germination mat works well.
• While your seedlings are growing, get your garden ready.
• Add plenty of compost, manure, and a general fertilizer.
• Peppers like hot weather.
• Transplant young seedlings outdoors after the last chance of frost.
• If the weather is still cool, delay transplanting a few days.
• Keep them in a cold frame, indoors.
• Space 18-24 inches apart, in rows 24 to 30 inches apart.
• Mulching around the peppers to keep down weeds, retain moisture, and help to feed the plant.
• As the peppers develop, use a fertilizer higher in Phosphorous and Potassium.
• Providing too much nitrogen will result in a great looking bushy, green plant, but few fruits.
• Peppers can be picked as soon as they reach a size which is edible.
• Continuous harvesting encourages the fruit to produce new flowers.
• Spider mites and aphids are the most common problems.
• An occasional borer insect is also known to attack this plant.
• Try an organic insecticide or dust.
• Fungal infections can be treated with fungicides. Apply treatment as soon as you see it.
• Potential pests include aphids, white flies, cutworms, pepper maggots, and Colorado potato beetles.
• Diseases include Verticillium wilt and mosaic virus.
• Frost will stunt or kill the plants.
• Cold weather can cause the plant to slow down or stunt it.
• Use a hot cap in on cold and frosty spring nights.

Leave a Reply

You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>