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November 2012
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Dill or Anethum graveolens, is a perennial belong to the genus Anethum.

Overview of Dill or Dill or Anethum Graveolens

• Dill, which is also known as Anethum graveolens, is a perennial belong to the genus Anethum.
• It can also be an annual herb depending on where it is grown.
• Dill can grow up to a height of 40–60 cm (16–24 in).
• It has slender stems.
• It has alternate and delicate leaves.
• These leaves are finely divided.
• The leaves are 10–20 cm (3.9–7.9 in) long.
• The leaf divisions are 1–2 mm (0.039–0.079 in) broad.
• This species bear white to yellow flowers.
• They appear in small umbels that are about 2–9 cm (0.79–3.5 in) diameter.
• About 4–5 mm (0.16–0.20 in) long and 1 mm (0.039 in) thick is its seeds.
• The name “dill” is derived from Old English dile.
• This plant has the carminative property of relieving gas.
• It is used as an herb in its dried form. It is used as herb mainly in:
– Finland
– Sweden
– Baltic
– Russia
– Central Asia
• It has fern like leaves.
• They are aromatic.
• They are used to flavor many foods.
• It is best to use these leaves in its fresh form.
• Dill seed is used as a spice.
• Dill oil can be extracted from its leaves, stems and seeds.
• Dill is the herb that is usually used in cooking fish.

Growing conditions for Dill or Anethum Graveolens

• Choose a spot to sow the dill seeds.
• Choose a place which receives at least 6 hours of sun in a day.
• High winds should be avoided for this plant.
• Sow the dill seeds about 1/2 inch deep.
• Sow in early spring.
• Cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil.
• Space them about 4 inches apart.
• Thin dill plants 9 inches apart.
• Do this about two weeks after planting.
• Harvest the leaves in four to six weeks after planting.
• Look for the flower heads on the dill plant.
• Extract the seeds from the flower heads.
• Harvest the seeds when the heads have turned brown.
• One can grow dill plants even indoors.
• Hot temperatures are not ideal for this plant.
• This is why as soon as the last frost has arrived, gardeners begin growing their dill.

Caring conditions for Dill or Anethum Graveolens

• Wait until the danger of frost has passed before sowing the seeds.
• Plant them in the spring.
• The spot should receive at least six to eight hours of sun per day.
• Protect it from strong winds.
• Provide well-drained and fertile soil.
• Add compost to add nutrients in the soil.
• Sow the seeds 1/4-inch deep.
• Thin them out when they reach about 2 inches height.
• Place them 9 or 10 inches apart.
• Weed regularly.
• A 2-inch layer of mulch on top of the soil is needed in order to prevent weeds.
• Sow more seeds every four to six weeks.
• Water dill plants once or twice a week.
• Keep the soil moist.
• Add dill plants with a 5-10-5 fertilizer, once in a year.
• The fungal disease powdery mildew might affect the plant.
• Remove any infected foliage.
• Provide air circulation by thinning.
• Spray dill plants with a fungicide.

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