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November 2012
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Cichorium intybus or Common Chicory is a woody herbaceous perennial.

Images of Cichorium intybus or Common Chicory at

Characteristics of Cichorium intybus or Common Chicory

• Cichorium intybus, which is also known as Common chicory, is a woody herbaceous perennial.
• This plant bears bright blue flowers.
• They are rarely white or pink.
• They are cultivated for:
– salad leaves
– chicons
– roots
• The roots are baked and used ground.
• It is a coffee substitute.
• It is also used as a forage crop.
• The wild plant is found in native Europe, and in North America and Australia.
• Common chicory is also called “cornflower”.
• Common chicory can grow up to a height of 30 to 100 centimeters.
• The leaves are stalked and lanceolate.
• The flower heads can grow up to 2 to 4 centimeters wide.
• The flowering takes place from July until October.
• Root chicory can eliminate intestinal worms.
• All parts of the plant have volatile oils with concentration at roots.
• Chicory is used as a folk medicine in Germany.

Common names for varieties include:
– Endive
– Radicchio
– Belgian endive
– French endive
– Red endive
– sugarloaf
– Witloof
– Witlof

It is used as:
• tonic
• gallstones
• gastro-enteritis
• sinus problems
• cuts
• bruises

Growing conditions for Cichorium intybus or Common Chicory

• Tilt the soil and prepare.
• Chicory does grow well in well-drained soil.
• It likes soil that is rich in nutrients.
• The soil that has plenty of manure and organic fertilizers is the best for this plant.
• Sow the chicory seeds about 8 inches to 1 foot apart.
• Sow the seeds 1 inch deep.
• Sow in late spring to early summer.
• This is about a month after the last frost.
• Wait for sprouting.
• Thin the seedlings to about 9 inches apart. Germination time is usually from one to three weeks.
• The sprouts should be weed free.
• Water them well.
• Use the root after two months for harvesting.
• A fresh salad can employ few of its leaves.
• For planting roots, arrange pots.
• The soil should be amended with sand and fine soil.
• Store them in temperature controlled room in a cool area.
• Cut the root on a diagonal side.
• This means about 1 to 2 inches above the crown.
• Trimmed roots are to be kept 1 to 2 inches above the soil.
• Place another pot upside down on the root.
• Block the sun to the plant.
• They should be used softer and lighter in color.
• The darker the color, the bitter the taste.

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