Characteristics of Coriandrum Sativum or Coriander
• Coriandrum sativum, also known as Coriander, cilantro, Chinese parsley or dhania belongs to the family Apiaceae.
• It is an annual herb.
• Coriander is a native to regions from southern Europe and North Africa to southwestern Asia.
• This is a soft, hairless plant.
• It can grow up to a height of 50 cm.
• The leaves are variable in shape.
• They are slender and feathery.
• The flowers are borne in small umbels.
• They are white or very pale pink in color.
• The fruit is a globular.
• It is about 3–5 mm in diameter.
• All parts of the plant are edible.
• The fresh leaves and the dried seeds are the edible parts of this plant.
• Coriander contains antioxidants.
• Chemicals derived from coriander leaves were found to have antibacterial activity.
• Coriander has been used as a folk medicine.
• It is used for the relief of anxiety and insomnia.
• Coriander seeds are used in traditional Indian medicine.
• It is used as a diuretic.
• It is also used as a carminative and as a digestive aid.
• Coriander is a traditional treatment for type 2 diabetes.
Coriander is common in:
– South Asia
– Middle Eastern
– Central Asia
– Latin American
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
– Energy : 95 kJ (23 kcal)
– Carbohydrates : 4 g
– Dietary fibre : 3 g
– Fat : 0.5 g
– Protein : 2 g
– Vitamin A equiv. : 337 ?g (42%)
– Vitamin C : 27 mg (33%)
Growing/Caring conditions for Coriandrum Sativum or Coriander
• Wash the seeds in dish soap.
• Rinse it thoroughly.
• Air dry them until no moisture is left off.
• Plant them outside.
• This plant loves a well-drained soil.
• Plant them in full sun or shade.
• Space the seeds about an inch apart.
• The soil depth can be about a half-inch.
• Cilantro grows tall.
• It needs space to grow well.
• Keep the rows spaced to about 15 inches apart.
• There should be no risk of frost when you plant.
• Harvest the cilantro leaves when the plant is about 6-inches.
• Cut those leaves that are further from the central stalk.
• Cut leaves sparingly for the coriander seeds.
• Cut the stems of the dead flowers when these plants are about 2 years old.