Characteristics of Thymus Herba-Barona
– Thymus herba-barona is a woody, creeping herbaceous perennial belonging to Family: Lamiaceae.
– It is also known as caraway thyme.
– It belongs to the species thyme and is a native of Corsica, Sardinia, and Majorca.
– Its aroma is similar to Caraway which hence has uses in cuisine.
– This perennial can grow up to a height of 0.25 to 0.5 feet and spread wide about 0.75 to 1 foot.
– The flowers bloom on this plant from June – July and are tiny, tubular and pink in color.
– The leaves of this plant are 4-10 mm in length and are tiny, hairy and dark green in color.
– The stems are woody and 2-3 inches in length.
– It need full sun to grow.
– It grows from Zones 4-8.
– It needs moderate water.
– It grows best in average to well-drained soils.
– This plant is bee attractive.
There are two subspecies of this perennial:
– Thymus herba-barona subsp. herba-barona. Corsica, Sardinia.
– Thymus herba-barona subsp. bivalens. Majorca (Spain).
• This plant was used in flavoring and garnishing for barons of beef and hence the name Thymus herba-baron.
• It is used in potato salads, vegetables, or meats.
• It is used as evergreen ground covers and gardens, border plant, ornamental plant, rocky gardens and as an herb.
• It is used as an Antiseptic; Deodorant; Disinfectant and in Essential oils for perfumes and mouthwashes.
Growing conditions of Thymus Herba-Barona
• Sow the Seed in a cold frame in spring.
• Seed can also be sown in a greenhouse in autumn.
• Sow the seed on the surface barely covering it.
• Germination is not regular.
• Once the seedlings are large enough, transfer them into individual pots or to a greenhouse for first winter.
• Transplant them in late spring or early summer in permanent spots after the danger of frost ends.
• Division of the plants should be done in spring or autumn.
• Larger divisions are supposed to be planted into their permanent positions.
• Transplant them outside in the summer or the following spring.
Care for Thymus Herba-Barona
• It grows in zone 7 and is not tender to frost.
• The plant prefers light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils.
• It needs well-drained soil but can grow in nutritionally poor soil.
• The plant needs neutral and basic (alkaline) soils.
• It needs full sun.
• It requires dry or moist soil.
• Do not over-water and make the soil soggy.
• Thyme is hardy to about -15°c.
• This perennial is Susceptible to root rot which arises in moist and poorly-drained soils.