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Ceratonia Siliqua is a species of flowering evergreen shrub or tree in the pea family, Fabaceae.




Images of Ceratonia Siliqua at google.com

Ceratonia Siliqua which is commonly known as the Carob tree and St John’s-bread, is a species of flowering evergreen shrub or tree in the pea family, Fabaceae.

Overview of Ceratonia Siliqua

• It is widely cultivated for its edible legumes, and as an ornamental tree in gardens.
• The seed pod may be crushed and used as ersatz chocolate.
• It is native to the Mediterranean region including Southern Europe, Northern Africa, the larger Mediterranean islands; to the Levant and Middle-East of Western Asia into Iran; and to the Canary Islands and Macaronesia.
• The Ceratonia siliqua tree grows up to 10 metres (33 ft) tall.
• The crown is broad and semi-spherical, supported by a thick trunk with brown rough bark and sturdy branches.
• Leaves are 10 to 20 centimetres (3.9 to 7.9 in) long, alternate, pinnate, and may or may not have a terminal leaflet.
• It is frost-tolerant.
• Most carob trees are dioecious.
• The trees blossom in autumn (September–October).
• The flowers are small and numerous and spirally arranged.
• The fruit is a pod that can be elongated, compressed, straight or curved, and thickened at the sutures.
• It was a common sweetener and was used in the hieroglyph for “sweet” (nedjem).
• Dried carob fruit is traditionally eaten on the Jewish holiday of Tu Bishvat.
• Carob juice drinks are traditionally drunk during the Islamic month of Ramadan.
• It is believed to be an aphrodisiac.
• In Cyprus, carob syrup is known as Cyprus’s black gold, and is widely exported.
• Carob pods were an important source of sugar before sugarcane and sugar beets became widely available.

Growing/Caring conditions of Ceratonia Siliqua

• Carob trees thrive in zones 8 to 11.
• Temperatures below 20 degrees Fahrenheit will damage mature trees and kill off saplings.
• Plant carob trees in full sun, rocky and well draining soil.
• The soil should have a pH range between 6.2 and 8.6.
• Carob trees have deep tap roots and are drought tolerant.
• Place the seeds in a bowl of water after rubbing them with sandpaper.
• Place them until they swell to about three times their original size.
• Fresh seeds from ripe pods can be planted without the scaring or soaking process.
• Fill a 12-inch-deep pot with sterile seed-starting medium.
• This is such as vermiculite or a sterile; soil-less premixed formula designed for seed germination.
• Use a pot that has several drainage holes in the bottom.
• Make a 2-inch-deep hole in the center of the pot.
• Drop the seed into the hole and cover it with 2 inches of potting mix.
• Plant seeds in the fall or spring.
• Keep them in a greenhouse for the first year.
• Keep the soil damp but not saturated during germination and first year of growth.
• Transplant the carob sapling outside to a permanent position if the climate is suitable.
• Transplant in the the spring, one year after germination.
• In colder areas, transplant the seeds into a deep pot. Keep the tree in a greenhouse or protected area during the winter.
• Use a pot that is at least 4 feet deep to accommodate the long tap root.
• Keep the soil damp around the sapling for the first year.
• In hot dry weather, water the plant daily or every other day.
• Apply water when the top 2 to 3 inches of soil feels dry.





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