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October 2012
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Peumus Boldus is the only species in the genus Peumus.

Images of Peumus Boldus at

Peumus Boldus is the only species in the genus Peumus.

Overview of Peumus Boldus

• It is commonly known as Boldo.
• This tree of the family Monimiaceae is natively endemic to the central region of Chile.
• Boldo has also been introduced to Europe and North Africa.
• Peumus boldus is an evergreen Tree that can grow up to 6 m (19ft 8in) at a slow rate.
• It is hardy to zone 9.
• It flowers from August to September.
• The flowers are dioecious.
• They are pollinated by insects.
• The plant is not self-fertile.
• These plants are suitable for light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil.
• They prefer pH of acid and neutral soils.
• It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.
• It prefers dry or moist soil.
• All parts of the plant are sweetly aromatic.
• The leaves have a lemon-camphor aroma.
• The leaves are used in a similar manner to bay leaves.
• They are used as an herbal tea, primarily in Chile, Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Brazil and bordering countries in South America.
• The leaves of the boldo plant can be used as an effective hangover and upset stomach cure.
This plant is an:
– Analgesic
– Antiseptic
– Antispasmodic
– Bitter
– Cholagogue
– Diuretic
– Stimulant
– Tonic
It is used in:
– Beads
– Charcoal
– Dye
– Essential
– Repellent
– Tannin

Growing/Caring conditions for Peumus Boldus

• This plant dislikes soils that are too moist.
• It prefers a well-drained acid sandy soil.
• It also prefers being in full sun.
• It is hardy in climatic zone 9 (tolerating occasional light frosts).
• This plant normally requires greenhouse protection in Britain but is capable of withstanding light frosts.
• It might succeed outdoors in the mildest areas of the country.
• Seed – sow spring in a warm greenhouse.
• Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle.
• Then grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter.
• Plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer.
• Give them some protection from winter cold for at least their first winter or two outdoors.
• This plant can be grow from the cuttings of half-ripe wood during July/August in a frame.
• Grow the cuttings on in the frame or greenhouse for at least their first winter.

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