Origanum vulgare gracile is originally from Kyrgyzstan. Oregano, scientifically named Origanum vulgare by Carolus Linnaeus, is a common species of Origanum.
Overview of Origanum vulgare gracile
• It is a genus of the mint family (Lamiaceae).
• It is native to warm-temperate western and southwestern Eurasia and the Mediterranean region.
• It has glossy green leaves and pink flowers.
• It grows well in pots or containers.
• It is more often grown for added ornamental value.
• The flavor is pungent and spicy.
• Origanum is a genus of about 20 species of aromatic herbs.
• The genus includes some important culinary herbs, including marjoram and oregano.
• Origanum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species.
• Oregano is a perennial herb.
• It can grow up to 20–80 cm tall.
• It has opposite leaves that are 1–4 cm long.
• Oregano will grow in a pH range between 6.0 (mildly acid) and 9.0 (strongly alkaline) with a preferred range between 6.0 and 8.0.
• The flowers are purple.
• The flowers are 3–4 mm long, produced in erect spikes.
• It is sometimes called wild marjoram.
• Oregano prefers a hot, relatively dry climate, but will do well in other environments.
• To cultivate, it should be planted in early spring, in fairly dry soil, with full sun.
• The plants should be spaced 12 inches apart.
• The main chemical constituents include carvacrol, thymol, limonene, pinene, ocimene, and caryophyllene.
The leaves and flowering stems are strongly:
– Mildly tonic
• Oregano is an important culinary herb.
• It is used for the flavor of its leaves.
• It has an aromatic, warm and slightly bitter taste.
• Oregano’s most prominent modern use is as the staple herb of Italian-American cuisine.
• It is most frequently used with roasted, fried or grilled vegetables, meat and fish.
• The herb is also widely used in Turkish, Palestinian, Lebanese, Egyptian, and Syrian, Greek, Portuguese, Spanish, Philippine and Latin American cuisines.
• Oregano is high in antioxidant activity, due to a high content of phenolic acids and flavonoids.
• It also has shown antimicrobial activity against strains of the food-borne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes.
Growing and Caring conditions for Origanum vulgare gracile
• Plant oregano in the sunniest spot in the garden.
• This perennial prefers all-day sun.
• It needs well-drained soil on the dry side.
• Purchase seedlings from a local nursery, as the plant grows poorly from seed.
• Place the oregano seedlings 1/8-inch deep into soil after all danger of frost has passed.
• Each plant should have at least 8 inches of elbow room.
• Weed the area regularly.
• Apply an 8-inch thick layer of hay over the bed to protect against weed growth.
• Harvest fresh oregano for use through the season.
• Cut the remainder of the plant when small white flowers appear.
• Hang clumps of the herb in a warm, dark room until dry.
• Use only the crumbled leaves in cooking.
• Store the unused leaves in an airtight container.
• Discard the stems.
• Italian oregano grows well in containers.
• Oregano is a deterrent to some types of garden pests and can aid in controlling them naturally.
• Oregano plants can be cultivated in part shade.
• If growing from seeds, plant seeds 1/4-inch deep.
• Plant nursery stock about 18 inches apart.
• If you have planted from seed, thin established seedlings to 12 inches apart.
• Harvest your oregano in mid-spring, just before the flowers open.
• Cut off the top 6 inches of the stem and remove the leaves.
• Make sure to remove the mulch in early spring.
• Propagate oregano in mid-spring by dividing plants during peak growth, before flowers appear.