Trigonella foenum-graecum also known as Fenugreek is an annual plant in the family Fabaceae.
Overview of Trigonella foenum-graecum
• The plant has small round leaves.
• It is cultivated worldwide.
• It is a common ingredient in dishes from Pakistan and the Indian Subcontinent.
– Fenugreek leaves (per 100g of edible portion)
– Carbohydrates: 6.0 g
– Protein: 4.4 g
– Fat: 0.9 g
– Minerals: 1.5 g
– Calcium: 395 mg
– Phosphorus: 51 mg
– Iron: 1.93 mg
– Total Energy: 49 kcal
• Major fenugreek-producing countries are Nepal, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Argentina, Egypt, France, Spain, Turkey, Morocco and China.
• The largest producer of fenugreek in the world is India.
• The major fenugreek-producing states are Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Haryana, and Punjab.
• Fenugreek has three culinary uses: as an herb (dried or fresh leaves), as a spice (seeds), and as a vegetable (fresh leaves, sprouts, and microgreens).
The seeds are used in the preparation of:
– Vegetable dishes
– Spice mixes, such as panch phoron and sambar powder
• Fenugreek seeds are used both whole and in powdered form.
• They are often roasted to reduce their bitterness and enhance their flavor.
• Fresh fenugreek leaves are an ingredient in some Indian curries.
• The sprouted seeds and micro greens are used in salads.
• Fenugreek is used in Eritrean and Ethiopian cuisine.
Growing/Caring conditions of Trigonella foenum-graecum or Fenugreek
• Prepare a planting area in mid spring in a protected, sunny area.
• The plant likes good amount of heat from sun for it grow right.
• Trigonella likes it hot and so choose a location beside your house or garage where the sun shines every day.
• Spread a 2-inch layer of organic compost on top of the soil.
• This will help to fertilize the soil and aid in the help of growth of plant.
• Turn it under to a depth of about 8 inches.
• Rake the area level, and make a shallow trench with your hoe.
• This hoe should be about 1/2 inch deep.
• Plant seeds directly into the garden.
• Space them about 4 inches apart in the trench that is created.
• Cover with a scant 1/4 inch of your soil and compost mixture.
• Water the planting area with a sprinkler for about 10 minutes.
• This is necessary for the germination of the seeds that have been planted.
• Keeps the soil moist until you see green sprouts emerging from the soil.
• Water only when the soil is dry later.
• Allow the plants to form seedpods.
• This typically occurs in late summer or fall.
• Wait until seedpods turn yellow before you harvest them.
• Dry the seedpods in a sunny location for about one week.
• Cover them at night if you expect rain or fog.
• Break open the pods to extract the seeds.
• Store them in an airtight jar or plastic bag.
• This way they will remain dry.