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Malabathrum, or Indian bay leaf also known as Malobathrum or Malabar leaf




Images of Malabathrum or Indian bay leaf at google.com

Malabathrum, or Indian bay leaf also known as Malobathrum or Malabar leaf.
• In ancient Greece and Rome, the leaves were used to prepare a fragrant oil, called Oleum Malabathri.
• These leaves are particularly used in the Moghul cuisine of North India and Nepal and in Tsheringma herbal tea in Bhutan.
• It is called Biryani Aaku or Bagharakku in Telugu.
• Bay leaves are shorter and light to medium green in color.
• They are usually olive green in color.
• They may have some brownish spots.
• The bay leaf’s aroma is more reminiscent of pine and lemon.
• The bark is also sometimes used for cooking, although it is regarded as inferior to true cinnamon or cassia.
• They are most often used in rice dishes like biryani and as an ingredient in garam masala.
• Bay leaves can also be crushed or ground before cooking.

Growing/Caring conditions for Malabathrum or Indian bay leaf

• Purchase a small bay laurel tree.
• Growing bay leaf from a seed is difficult; it can take up to six months.
• Growing from a cutting is also very challenging.
• Plant your bay leaf tree outside if you live in zones 8 to 11.
• Keep your tree protected from strong winds.
• Offer it partial shade, if the weather is too hot.
• Bay leaf loves full sunlight.
• Offer outdoor plants extra protection from frost in the winter by wrapping the plant to protect it.
• Putting hay on the ground by the roots will also provide warmth.
• If your bay leaf is exposed to frost, chances are the leaves will turn brown.
• Trim the plant to six inches above the soil.
• It will sprout come spring.
• Keep the soil well drained.
• Fertilize your bay leaf about twice a year.
• Give it lots of good composted soil.
• Let the tree dry out between watering.
• Over watering will damage the plant.
• Prune your tree in spring to keep it under control.
• Bay trees are not picky about soil as long as it’s well-drained.
• It will tolerate a range of pH levels from 4.5 to 8.3.
• It prefers its soil on the sandy side.
• When transplanting a bay sapling, mix three parts of soil-based compost with one part sand.
• Do not allow the roots to stay wet for long periods or root rot may set in.
• Bay is somewhat drought tolerant.
• In early to mid spring, prune the tree back.





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