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September 2012
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Avocado is a tree that is native to Central Mexico and belongs to the family Lauraceae.

Images of Avocado at

The avocado is a tree that is native to Central Mexico and belongs to the family Lauraceae.
• Avocados are commercially valuable.
• They are cultivated in tropical and Mediterranean climates throughout the world.
• They have a green-skinned, fleshy body that may be pear-shaped, egg-shaped, or spherical, and ripens after harvesting.
• The tree grows to 20 m (66 ft).
• They have alternately arranged leaves which are12cms– 25 cms long.
• The flowers are inconspicuous, greenish-yellow, 5 mm – 10 mm wide.
• The fruit is not sweet, but rich flavored, and of smooth, almost creamy texture.
• It is used in both savory and sweet dishes.
• The avocado is very popular in vegetarian cuisine.
• It is a substitute for meats in sandwiches and salads.

Growing/Caring conditions for Avocado

• Dig a hole 3 times as deep as the tree’s container and three to four times as wide.
• Dig a large hole by loosening the soil around the roots.
• This will make it easier for them to spread into the surrounding soil.
• Fill the hole with some of the soil removed.
• When you set the tree in the hole, the soil level of the tree will be the same or slightly higher than the surrounding soil.
• Remove the tree from the container carefully.
• Rinse some of the growing medium from the roots with a water hose.
• This is since the roots will be in direct contact with the soil in the hole.
• Place the tree in the hole and fill with the soil you removed.
• Do not add amendments such as fertilizer, compost or organic material.
• Firm the soil gently.
• Water immediately.
• If the soil settles, add more soil to bring it even with the surrounding soil.
• Water the tree every other day for the first week after planting.
• Then water once a week for the first three months.
• Water slowly so the water sinks into the soil rather than running off.
• Fertilize the tree every other month for the first year.
• Use 1/4 pound of fertilizer for the first feeding.
• Then gradually increase the amount to 1 pound.
• Apply the fertilizer to the soil around the root zone.
• Then work it into the top 2 inches of soil.
• Spray with a nutritional spray up to four times a year for the first four or five years.
• Follow the label instructions for mixing and spraying.
• When planting more than one tree, allow 25 to 30 feet between trees.
• Avocado trees grown from seed take 10 to 15 years to produce fruit.
• The Avocado Tree is hardy in zones 10-11.
• They prefer a rich loose sandy loam.
• They will not survive in locations with poor drainage.
• The optimal pH level is generally considered to be between 6.0 and 7.0.
• Avocados will grow in shade.
• They are only productive in full sun.
• They should be given plenty of room, up to 20 feet.
• Once the tree is a year old, they should be fed four times yearly using a balanced fertilizer.
• Older trees benefit from feeding with nitrogenous fertilizer applied in late winter and early summer.
• Yellowed leaves (chlorosis) indicate iron deficiency.
• This can usually be corrected by a foliar spray of trace elements containing iron.

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