Anise which is scientifically known as Pimpinella anisum is an herbaceous annual flowering plant that belongs to the family Apiaceae. This plant is a native to the eastern Mediterranean region and Southwest Asia. This has a taste that is similar to liquorice, fennel and tarragon. This plant can grow up to a height of 3 ft (0.91 m) tall.
The flowers are about 3mm in diameter and white in color. The leaves are simple that are 0.5–2 in (1.3–5.1 cm) long. They are feathery and divided into many leaves. The flowers are in umbels and fruit is about 3-5mm in length and has seed pods that are aniseeds. The blooming period is from July to August.
This is food for larvae of some Lepidoptera species like butterflies and moths and lime-speck pug and wormwood pug.
This plant is used in western cuisines. It is also a famous herb that is used to flavor dishes, drinks, and candies. The major component of the flavor of this anise is due to anethole.
The main constituents of anise are:
• Moisture: 9-13%
• Protein: 18%
• Fatty oil: 8-23%
• Essential oil: 2-7%
• Starch: 5%
• N-free extract: 22-28%
• Crude fibre: 12-25%
Anise is highly aromatic and sweet. They are used in confectioneries are:
• Black jelly bean
• British aniseed balls
• Australian humbugs
• New Zealand aniseed wheels
• Italian pizzelle
• German Pfeffernusse
• Austrian Anisebögen
• Netherland muisjes
• Norwegian knots
• New Mexican Bizcochitos
• Peruvian picarones
Uses of Anise
– It is used in liquors and spirits and root beers.
– It is used to treat belching and upbraiding of the stomach ache, alaieth gripping of the belly, provoked urine gently, makes abundance of milk, and stirred up bodily lust.
– It is used to relieve menstrual cramps, as an insecticide for head lice and mites.
– It is also used to treat coughs and to aid digestion.
Growing/Caring conditions of Anise
• Sow the seeds into the ground at a depth of ½ inch.
• Transplant in rows about 2.5 to 3 feet apart.
• Add fertilizer to poor soils.
• If pH of the soil is very acidic, addition of lime is recommended.
• Water regularly.
• This plant grows in light and fertile soil.
• This plant needs well drained soil.
• Sow the seeds in spring when the ground warms up.
• This plant cannot be transplanted once establish well.
• Transplant when seedlings are small and not well established.