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August 2012
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Ocimum Americanum or Hoary Basil is an annual herb.

Images of Ocimum Americanum or Hoary Basil at

Ocimum Americanum which is also known as lime, hairy or “hoary basil”, is an annual herb.

Overview of Ocimum Americanum or Hoary Basil

• This herb bears white or lavender flowers.
• It is used for medicinal purposes.
• Antimicrobial effects of essential oil of Ocimum americanum L. were studied.
• The essential oil was active against all tested microorganisms.
• This plant commonly found in fields and waste lands, throughout India.
• This is a pubescent erect, and much branched herb.
• It can grow up to 1 meter.
• Leaves are elliptic – lanceolate, entire or faintly toothed, glabrous and gland dotted.
• Its flowers are white or whitish pink.
• Useful part: Leaves, Seeds.

Some of the bacteria include:
• Bacillus subtilis
• B. megaterium
• Staphylococcus aureus
• Pseudomonas aeruginosa
• Escherichia coli
• Aspergillus niger
• Rhizopus stolonifer
• R, oryzae
• Candida albicans
• Colletotrichum musae

• Rasa : Kashaya, Katu, Tikta
• Guna : Lakhu, Rooksha
• Virya : Ushna
• Vipaka : Katu

Plant Pacifies:
• Helminthiasis
• Anorexia
• Dyspepsia
• Pruritis
• Leprosy
• Vomiting
• Poison
• Migraine
• Fever

The plant is scientifically classified as:
• Kingdom : Plantae
• (unranked) : Angiosperms
• (unranked) : Eudicots
• (unranked) : Asterids
• Order : Lamiales
• Family : Lamiaceae
• Genus : Ocimum
• Species : O. americanum

Growing and Caring conditions of Ocimum Americanum or Hoary Basil

• Growing Basil is relatively easy if there are suitable light and temperature levels provided to the plant.
• Ensure that adequate drainage is allowed from the base of the pot, if grown in pots.
• Line with coarse gravel if necessary.
• If growing outside then ensure the soil is well dug over.
• Weed free the soil well before sowing.
• Before sowing ensure that the compost or soil is moist.
• Water generously the day before sowing.
• It is vital that Basil is not exposed to the last spring frosts
• If sowing outside sow in late March
• Sow at any time if the plant is always to be kept indoors.
• If sowing inside and planting outside late then sow in late February.
• Sow the seed thinly.
• Cover the seeds with 1/2 cm of compost and firm gently.
• Basil seeds should germinate in about a week.
• Once the seedlings have developed 2 pairs of true leaves then you can thin out.
• Basil should be grown in a position that receives a around 6-8 hours of sunlight a day.
• Position the Basil in a sheltered spot that avoids cold winds.
• Basil likes fertile soil.
• The soil should well dug to allow good soil air circulation.
• Well rotted organic compost or manure into the soil a month or so before sowing will help in growth.
• General purpose compost is a suitable soil solution.
• Water every week.
• Basil can help to discourage the fruit fly.
• Basil is often a target of slugs.

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