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Santa Fe Grande which is also known as “Yellow hot chili pepper” and the “Guero chili pepper” belongs to the species Capsicum annuum.




Image of Santa Fe Grande Pepper plant at Google

Santa Fe Grande which is also known as “Yellow hot chili pepper” and the “Guero chili pepper” belongs to the species Capsicum annuum.

Overview
• Santa Fe Grande is a very prolific variety that is used in the Southwestern United States.
• The fruits appear conical and blunt.
• These fruits ripen from a pale yellow to a bright orange to fiery red.
• The peppers grow upright to about 24 inches.
• Santa Fe Grande’s have a slightly sweet taste.
• They are fairly mild in pungency.
• They heat scale is about 500 – 700 Scovilles.
• They are about 5 inches long.
• They are great for pickling.

Growing/Caring conditions for Santa Fe Grande

• Sow seedlings indoors.
• It prefers well-drained soils, such as silty or sandy loams, and 800–2,000 mm (31–79 in) of annual precipitation.
• Sow them late spring to early summer.
• A soil pH of 7.0 – 8.5 is good for this plant.
• The plant requires full sun.
• Zones 10-12.
• This plant needs temperatures to be at least 64 degrees F to germinate.
• Sow those eight to ten weeks before the last frost date for your area.
• They are a difficult in germination and seedlings grow slowly at first.
• Provide bottom heat or heat lamps to raise the soil temperature to 80 degrees.
• This will promote better and quicker germination.
• A heated germination mat works well.
• While your seedlings are growing, get your garden ready.
• Add plenty of compost, manure, and a general fertilizer.
• Peppers like hot weather.
• Transplant young seedlings outdoors after the last chance of frost.
• If the weather is still cool, delay transplanting a few days.
• Keep them in a cold frame, indoors.
• Space 18-24 inches apart, in rows 24 to 30 inches apart.
• Mulching around the peppers to keep down weeds, retain moisture, and help to feed the plant.
• As the peppers develop, use a fertilizer higher in Phosphorous and Potassium.
• Providing too much nitrogen will result in a great looking bushy, green plant, but few fruits.
• Peppers can be picked as soon as they reach a size which is edible.
• Continuous harvesting encourages the fruit to produce new flowers.
• Spider mites and aphids are the most common problems.
• An occasional borer insect is also known to attack this plant.
• Try an organic insecticide or dust.
• Fungal infections can be treated with fungicides. Apply treatment as soon as you see it.
• Potential pests include aphids, white flies, cutworms, pepper maggots, and Colorado potato beetles.
• Diseases include Verticillium wilt and mosaic virus.
• Frost will stunt or kill the plants.
• Cold weather can cause the plant to slow down or stunt it.
• Use a hot cap in on cold and frosty spring nights.





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