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Scotch Bonnet which is also known as Boabs Bonnet or Caribbean Red Pepper Belongs to species Capsicum Chinese.




Image of Scotch bonnet Pepper plant at Google

Scotch Bonnet which is also known as Boabs Bonnet, Scotty Bons, Bonney peppers, or Caribbean red peppers belongs to the species of Capsicum Chinese.

Overview

• It is a variety of chili pepper.
• It is found mainly in the Caribbean islands.
• It is also in Guyana, the Maldives Islands and West Africa.
• It is named for its resemblance to a Tam o’shanter hat.
• Scotch Bonnets have a heat rating of 100,000–350,000 Scoville Units.
• These peppers are used to flavor many different dishes and cuisines worldwide.
• They are often used in hot sauces and condiments.
• The Scotch bonnet has a sweeter flavour and stouter shape which is different from its habanero cousin.
• Scotch bonnets are mostly used in West African, Grenadian, Trinidadian, Jamaican, Barbadian, Guyanese, Surinamese, Haitian and Caymanian cuisine and pepper sauces.
• Fresh, ripe scotch bonnets vary from green to pumpkin orange to scarlet red.
• Ripe peppers are prepared for cooking by cutting out the seeds inside the fruit.

Growing/Caring conditions for Scotch Bonnet

• Sow seedlings indoors.
• It prefers well-drained soils, such as silty or sandy loams, and 800–2,000 mm (31–79 in) of annual precipitation.
• Sow them late spring to early summer.
• A soil pH of 7.0 – 8.5 is good for this plant.
• The plant requires full sun.
• Zones 10-12.
• This plant needs temperatures to be at least 64 degrees F to germinate.
• Sow those eight to ten weeks before the last frost date for your area.
• They are a difficult in germination and seedlings grow slowly at first.
• Provide bottom heat or heat lamps to raise the soil temperature to 80 degrees.
• This will promote better and quicker germination.
• A heated germination mat works well.
• While your seedlings are growing, get your garden ready.
• Add plenty of compost, manure, and a general fertilizer.
• Peppers like hot weather.
• Transplant young seedlings outdoors after the last chance of frost.
• If the weather is still cool, delay transplanting a few days.
• Keep them in a cold frame, indoors.
• Space 18-24 inches apart, in rows 24 to 30 inches apart.
• Mulching around the peppers to keep down weeds, retain moisture, and help to feed the plant.
• As the peppers develop, use a fertilizer higher in Phosphorous and Potassium.
• Providing too much nitrogen will result in a great looking bushy, green plant, but few fruits.
• Peppers can be picked as soon as they reach a size which is edible.
• Continuous harvesting encourages the fruit to produce new flowers.
• Spider mites and aphids are the most common problems.
• An occasional borer insect is also known to attack this plant.
• Try an organic insecticide or dust.
• Fungal infections can be treated with fungicides. Apply treatment as soon as you see it.
• Potential pests include aphids, white flies, cutworms, pepper maggots, and Colorado potato beetles.
• Diseases include Verticillium wilt and mosaic virus.
• Frost will stunt or kill the plants.
• Cold weather can cause the plant to slow down or stunt it.
• Use a hot cap in on cold and frosty spring nights.





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